If you are planning to grow your own carrots, here are some helpful tips. You can find out When To Plant Carrots, Where to Plant Them and Which Varieties To Grow. Read on to learn more! Once you learn how to grow carrots, you will have a bounty of fresh produce to eat all season long. And if you are a beginner at growing vegetables, we suggest you start small with the basics.
Where to Plant Carrots
To grow your own carrots, you need to know where to plant them. Carrots grow best in cool temperatures ranging from 55 degrees at night to 75 degrees during the day. Avoid planting carrots in areas that are too hot, because this will result in poor quality and poorly colored carrots. To encourage germination, mix a tablespoon of complete fertilizer with three or four inches of soil. When the seedlings reach four inches, scatter two tablespoons of fertilizer around each carrot plant.
You may choose to plant them in a raised bed, a container, or on a deck. Carrots are known for their sweet flavor and can be served raw or cooked. A foot of row yields about one pound of carrots. Carrots grow best in loose soil and grow slower in heavy soil. A moderate amount of shade is necessary, as carrot roots are rough and can cause rotting. After planting, they are ready to harvest about 70 to 80 days after sowing.
When to Plant Carrots
When to plant carrots? The timing depends on how big you want your crop to be, as small carrots are more tender and have a better flavor than large ones. When to plant carrots depends on the season, as they can be harvested once they’ve reached about two to three inches in diameter. You can also leave them to grow in the ground through the winter and harvest them in spring. The roots and tops are bitter, so they are best eaten raw.
If you’re growing your own carrots, you’ll need to make sure they’re in a frost-free zone. Carrots will need temperatures between 50 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit to grow well. Sow them by late fall, as they’ll slow dramatically over the winter. If you live in an area where frost isn’t a problem, you can plant them all year round if they’re grown under a shade cloth or in late spring.
How to Plant Carrots
When planting carrot seeds, you’ll want to keep the soil moist. You’ll want to space each seedling about 3 to 4 inches apart, but you can thin them to the exact spacing you’d like. Carrot seeds are small and are difficult to space individually. A great way to minimize thinning is to mix carrot seed with sand before planting. Also, consider mixing your seeds with radish seeds to grow two crops in the same spot.
If you’re growing carrots as a vegetable, you’ll want to keep the temperature moderate by covering them with mulch or compost. This will keep the soil moist but won’t expose the tops of the roots. Another great way to measure the moisture content of the soil is with a moisture meter. A soil thermometer can help you know exactly how much water your carrots need. If you’re growing carrots as a crop, you may also want to buy a soil analyzer. These will tell you how much nitrogen and phosphorus are in your soil.
Best Varieties Of Carrots
There are many varieties of carrots to grow, and some of them are better than others. Depending on the purpose you have for growing carrots, there are carrot varieties that are easier to grow and produce a higher yield. For those who want a carrot crop that will produce enough to feed a family, a red or purple variety is recommended. The orange flesh of these varieties is sweet and has a peppery taste. Red carrots are the easiest carrot varieties to grow because they are easy to transplant.
Nantes-type carrots are among the best carrot varieties for spring planting. They mature in 58 days and produce a 6-inch carrot that has a great orange color. Another variety is the Nantes Half Long, which matures in 70 days. Another carrot variety that is perfect for salads is the Adelaide, which matures in 50 days. It has a crisp, orange taproot that makes it great for snacking.
Carrots are thirsty, so it’s important to water them at the proper intervals. A weekly deep watering of an inch will be sufficient. Carrots are most thirsty when the top four inches of soil are dry. To check moisture levels, insert a finger or a houseplant water meter into the soil. The moisture level should be approximately four inches below the soil’s surface. Make sure to water deeply, as shallow watering can distort the carrots’ shape.
Warm weather and high humidity also encourage the development of bacterial diseases. Bacteria from soil can feed on decaying plant materials. Bacteria in carrots can cause damping-off in newly-sprouted plants and crown rot in older plants. Bacterial soft rots also affect the roots and leave the outer skin intact. While there’s no cure for this disease, fungicides can help prevent it from affecting your crop.
While you can use any fertilizer on your plants, there are some key considerations to make when fertilizing carrots when growing. Too much fertilizer can cause funky results and will lower the taste of the veggies. A good rule of thumb is to apply one kilogram per 10 square meters of soil in the fall or spring. If you are unsure of how much fertilizer to use, here’s a video to help you make the right choice.
When planning your carrot planting, first determine the pH level of your soil. Carrots do best in soils with a pH between 6.0 and 6.5. If you’re unsure, you can always use a half cup of white vinegar to test the soil pH. Carrots also benefit from compost tea. Apply this solution to your soil two to three weeks before planting, or a little more if you want your carrots to grow larger.
Pests And Diseases Of Carrots
There are various diseases that can harm carrots. Aster yellows, for example, starts with yellowing young leaves and then develops a mass of new shoots from the crown. The infection remains on the surface, while the underlying tissue begins to rot. The leaves become pale, and the underground portion develops rough appearance. Symptoms of this disease are usually obvious when the carrot is washed, but symptoms are not always immediately noticeable.
Cercospora carotae is a fungus that attacks carrot plants. This fungus usually infects wild carrots and potatoes, but is more common in intensive carrot crops. The symptoms of the disease appear 14 days after infection, so controlling the disease is important. Ideally, you should avoid using recycled water when washing carrots. Instead, use clean water, and ensure the carrots’ moisture content does not drop below 5degC.
If your carrot plants are already in the ground, you can plant them near onions to prevent the infestation. This is especially important during cloudy days. During these periods, slugs are most active at night. If you want to protect your carrot plants from these critters, you should remove any weeds that might be growing near your garden. You can also apply 1% Bordeaux liquid on the soil between rows.
You may be wondering how to harvest carrots. The first step in harvesting carrots is to know when to pick them. Carrots are easiest to harvest when they are just a little over half an inch in diameter. To harvest them at this stage, gently remove the tops of the carrots. Then, brush the roots clean with a vegetable brush or the scouring side of a new sponge. Do not use soap to wash the carrots.
Once carrots are two to three months old, they are ready for harvesting. The tops of carrots should be thick, bright green, and approximately eight to 10 inches long. During this time, you may want to cut off the tops and place them in your compost pile. The remaining tops can be spaded into the soil or compost pile. Once you’re finished harvesting, you can store the remaining carrots in the ground for up to four weeks.