Sunflowers are one of the most popular flowers in the United States. They come in various colors, including yellow, red, orange, pink, white, burgundy, blue, fuchsia, and maroon. Sunflowers grow quickly, sometimes growing up to ten feet tall, and some varieties may reach a height of more than eight feet. There is a whole range of flower patterns and colors to choose from when people think of sunflowers. When most people think of sunflowers, they probably think of the giant sunflowers that come to mind – Helianthus annuus.
Sunflowers are among the easiest flowers to care for. They don’t need much attention in the summer, other than to be trimmed often. If you do need to trim them, be careful not to cut too far below the base. This will stunt the flower’s growth. If you want to give your sunflower a taller, fuller look, you might want to try perennial varieties instead of the annuals.
You can buy sunflowers from almost any garden center, including nursery stores and online. The two most popular types of sunflowers are the Helianthus and the Alyssum. There are other kinds of sunflowers grown in the United States, including Columbian and Canary Island sunflowers. Most of these varieties were imported to the United States from Mexico and other parts of South America a few years ago.
Sunflowers are grown primarily for their color, but many gardeners like to grow them for other reasons, such as pollination. Many pollinators, such as bees, prefer sunflowers because they are tall and can shade entire gardens. Other insects and birds that enjoy eating sunflowers include butterflies, birds, dragonflies, and even groundhogs. The flowers that are produced by this insect are also an important part of the pollinator’s diet.
There are two main ways to grow sunflowers: either with a natural cover, such as native grasses or brushes, or containers. Although native plants are more attractive, they have a shorter life span and produce smaller blooms. On the other hand, containers are attractive both for their size and because they can be easily rearranged to create different species of sunflowers. However, native plants have a higher tolerance to disease, insect infestations, and more. Sunflowers will grow just about anywhere and are more easily maintained, making them a great choice for anyone with limited outdoor space.
Sunflowers are sold as a single stem plant or in bouquets, but many hybrid species are available. They can also be planted up against weeds in borders or around fences or walls to bring out the full beauty of the flower head. Because of their bright yellow ray florets, they can also be used to highlight a fence post. A great way to use sunflowers is to border your yard with taller plants, such as marigolds or morning glories. Use taller plants to block direct sunlight from streaming into your home. This will allow the sunflowers to get plenty of light, which means they will produce more blooms.
In late summer, sunflowers will bloom into various colors depending on the variety you are planting. These variations may go from white, tan, pink, red, orange, and even mixed colors depending on the pollination occurring. This is one reason why sunflowers should be planted at the beginning of spring to be ready for blooming by the late summer.
Some sunflowers come in a special group known as the genus Helianthus. These include the sunflowers sold in bouquets or as cut flowers. These plants grow best in sunny climates with full sunshine. Sunflowers are not an invasive plant and do not compete with native grasses or flowers. Their graceful shapes and attractive yellow color make them excellent additions to any landscaping.