Chamomile is a familiar herb among gardeners and housewives alike. It is a perennial herb with a square-shaped flower that blooms in the spring. The flower itself, called a stamen, has an off-white center with a yellowish inside. The flowers look like daisies and are mainly used as tea beverages.
There are three types of Chamomile flowers. One of them, the Roman chamomile, sometimes called English chamomile because it was cultivated in England. Another, the Dogbane or Dog’s Tooth chamomile, is known by the common name, Dog’s claw chamomile. The third type, the most commonly grown chamomile globally, is the English chamomile. All three have the same general features: the flower has short, equal branches that grow three to five feet tall; the flower is fragrant, and the flower stems are tough and short.
The chamomile grows in different climates all across the globe. Some of these include Mexico, Tunisia, Egypt, Israel, Syria, Egypt, and Greece. This plant is naturally found in drier areas, like the western United States, but is commonly grown in more humid regions, particularly near the Mediterranean. It is considered a “cold tolerant” herb and can survive both hot and cold climates. Some flowers bloom in early spring and again bloom for the second season in autumn.
The herb does not do well in heavy soil. It needs clay and a little bit of rocky soil. It prefers sunny locations, so an area that faces a mountain or other hillside will work best if you want to plant it. If you live in an apartment building, you will find that there is hardly any mountain in your garden growing upwind from your building’s roofline, so this could be why you don’t see this herb in your local grocery store’s chamomile tea bags.
Chamomile should be sown in partial sunlight, and if you live in a hotter climate, you will want to sow it in indirect sunlight. The chamomile grows best when it gets about twelve to sixteen inches of sun a day. The chamomile grows best when the soil is full of nutrients and has been well-soaked. The chamomile grows best when it is planted at the base of a tree because it can tolerate low shade levels.
In full sun locations, the chamomile grows best with some shade. The chamomile plants can handle full sun, but if you are out in a shady area, you might consider putting the plants in a raised container with eight inches of water in it. There will need to be six to ten inches between the taller growing plants and the smaller ones in the container. This will allow for lots of space, but it will also give them plenty of shade when they need it. In warm southern climates, the taller plants will go into the shade first, then the shorter ones in the last months.
If you live in a hot area and wish to try growing chamomile in a sunny location, you may need to move it to a more cool, shady location. The plants have fine roots that do not grow too fast, so they will not become overgrown in hot, sunny locations. If you move the plants to shaded areas, make sure that you keep the top level of the pot slightly higher than the bottom level to allow for more root room.
In late summer or early fall, you will find that your Chamaemelum Nobile begins to flower and die out. This is because the strong roots that form around the chamomile flower begin to wither, and this makes the flower smaller in size. You will find the flowers are not as pretty, and the scent may be gone completely. You should move the plants from a sunny location to one that gets at least four hours of morning sunlight during the day.