Home gardening dates back to the Middle Ages. It was the man of the house’s job to take care of the home garden, which evolved into a complex system of small gardens. During the Early Americas, many people grew their own fruits and vegetables, but in the 1700s, the Arabs began to conquer the continent. The Moors brought with them a new appreciation for gardening and introduced the concept of growing fruits and vegetables.
The earliest examples of home gardening were in rural areas. They were part of subsistence agricultural systems. By the year 1897, the cult of the cottage garden had become established, which propagated the idea of rural self-sufficiency. According to John Loudon, who wrote in 1830, the eighth acre of land could feed a family of five, and three-quarters of an acre was recommended for potato growing. Other plants that would grow well in the garden include parsnips, beans, and apples, and the guru even suggested growing soft fruit against the house.
Before the war, men marched off to war, and many walled gardens fell into decline. Before the war, 80 percent of our food was imported. With the blockades from Germany, new powers were granted to the government to acquire land for growing vegetables and other plants. In the spring of 1918, the British allotments numbered more than 1.4 million. Women worked the allotments, and they continued to grow their own vegetables.
Throughout history, home gardens have been cultivated as a means of supplying food and medicine to the family. As a result, home gardens have become an important part of the global economy. In fact, they provide a supplementary source of food for resource-poor households. For example, the Tajikistani people have been heavily dependent on their home gardens for sustenance and food security. It is also important to understand that there is no single definition of a home garden.
Research on the origins of home gardening has revealed that there are many cultures that cultivate home gardens. In the upper Amazon, the Achuar Indians depend on their gardens to survive. Their gardens are lush and productive, which proves that their households are economically and socially stable. In the Andes, the Saraguro people are heavily dependent on their home gardens for food and medicine. A garden is the source of life, and it is the foundation of social security.
While there is no universally accepted definition of a home garden, there are many different cultural variations that are represented in a home garden. Depending on the region, it may represent the social aspects of a society. For instance, it may reflect local farming practices and indigenous culture. It may also be a repository of ancient knowledge. You might wonder how the first gardeners of a certain culture grew their crops.
In the late 19th century, gardens in the Chinese style were popular. Some gardeners attempted to imitate the Japanese style. In the late nineteenth century, William Robinson popularized the idea of the “wild garden” in his book, The Wild Garden. In the early nineteenth century, the need to grow food and medicine prompted the development of a cottage garden culture. Some of these gardens were designed for aesthetic purposes, including ornamentation.
Home gardens are a traditional way to supplement household diets. In the early 1900s, Tajikistan gained independence from the Soviet Union. Within a few years, civil war ensued, and the Tajiks relied heavily on the gardens to provide them with food. In the post-soviet era, food and medicine from these gardens have become a staple in the diet of many Tajik families.
Home gardens are an integral part of local food systems, and have numerous benefits. Michelle and Hanstad define home gardens as: multi-storied, multi-use space near the residence of the family, and containing a high diversity of plants. They are perennial, low-maintenance, and often a supplemental source of food and income for households. They are easy to access and maintain, and require minimal labor.