Learn how to grow your own Dahlias. This article will cover When To Plant Dahlias, Where to Place Your Dahlias, and How to Grow Dahlias. It will also cover the types of Dahlia flowers available in the market today. If you have no experience growing flowers, it is best to read a gardening book before starting your garden. This article will cover the most common varieties and where to plant them for a successful display.
Where to Plant Dahlia Flowers
The question of where to plant Dahlia flowers is one that many gardeners wonder about. The plant needs a moist climate to thrive, and it will not grow well in very hot climates. Dahlias are an extremely colorful flower that can range in size from 2-inch pompoms to 15-inch “dinner plate” blooms. Dahlias are a beautiful choice for a front or back garden, and their long blooms will add a colorful splash to the landscape.
The tubers of Dahlias can be divided into individual plants during the spring or summer. Keep them moist and cool while storing them. Divide the tubers with a sharp knife to create new plants. Plant each one in the garden after the danger of frost has passed. Dahlia flowers can also be cut for bouquets or deadheaded for more flowers. They can be grown as annuals if they are stored properly and protected from frost.
When to Plant Dahlia Flowers
Dahlias need full sun, and require at least eight hours of direct sunlight per day. Southern growers may need to add some afternoon shade, as well. Because they are very cold-sensitive, they should not be planted until the soil has warmed to 60 degrees F and all danger of frost has passed. Check with your local county extension office for the last spring frost date. Before planting, amend the soil with two to four inches of high-quality compost, well-rotted manure, or a balanced organic fertilizer.
You can harvest dahlias by pinching off the blooms when they reach about half-way open. Pinching off the flower heads will result in a bushier plant with more flowers. Pinch off auxiliary branches, but be careful not to damage the stem. When pinching, remove the auxiliary shoots so that the main flower can bloom to its full potential. After the flowers are cut, the stems will continue to produce buds, but will not open any further.
How to Plant Dahlia Flowers
For a spectacular display, consider planting a Dahlia bush. The flowers are often two to ten inches wide. Some of the largest varieties are called dinner plate dahlias. Dahlias need to be staked once they reach three feet to support the heavy flower buds and stems. Do not water too much right after planting as this can cause rot. Instead, water the tubers deeply after planting to encourage strong roots.
While most dahlias will grow and bloom well on their own, you may want to pinch the buds off at an early stage for a bushier plant and more flowers. Begin pinching the stem when it is 12 to 16 inches tall with four sets of leaves on its center stalk. Be careful not to break the stem. Also, you should remove any auxiliary shoots, which may not bloom as large as the main flower.
If you have a soil temperature between seven and eight, you may want to add bonemeal to the soil. Dahlias do not need fertilizer at planting time, so do not add any immediately. Instead, add a layer of soil when new growth appears. This will help to keep the soil moisture balanced. If you’re concerned about rot, water the dahlia tuber once in the soil.
Common Varieties Of Dahlia Flowers
There are several common varieties of dahlia flowers. One of the most popular varieties is the red Dahlia, which is similar to a peony. Its large, burgundy-red petals are surrounded by small, red and white petals. These flowers are also prize winners at flower shows and have won numerous awards. They are beautiful in borders, vases, and as a border plant.
Single Dahlias are the smallest dahlia flower types, with single-row, slightly cupped ray florets. They are perfect for containers and small gardens. Dark-Leaved Dahlias have a mass of spectacular flowers and deep, dark purple-black foliage. Peony Dahlias have overlapping petals in two or more rows around the disc. Their long, tubular flowers are beautiful and attract pollinators.
Single-bloom dahlias are one of the most popular types of dahlia flowers. Their petals are pale pink, with a pink-salmon center. These flowers grow up to two feet tall and make excellent borders or containers. They require continuously moist soil and thrive in full sun. Moreover, they prefer a light shade to avoid drying out. And they can handle hot, summer months.
Watering Dahlia Flowers
There is a lot of information out there on how to care for Dahlia flowers. These beautiful flowers are not long-lasting cut flowers. The flowers will bloom for only about five days or so when harvested at the correct stage. However, dahlias should be picked when their petals are nearly open but not fully open. They should also have firm petals that do not appear papery or dehydrated. If you plan to cut flowers, follow these tips:
Soil: Soil is one of the most important aspects of growing Dahlias. A well-drained, sandy soil is the best choice for this flower. They also need a moderate amount of organic matter and a slightly acidic soil. If your soil is clay-like, you may need to amend it with a good amount of compost and organic fertilizer before planting. Be sure to add enough compost to the soil, as too much can cause root rot and leggy flower buds.
Fertilizing Dahlia Flowers
There are several ways to properly fertilize Dahlia flowers. An organic fertilizer made from organic sources like bone meal, feather meal, and processed poultry manure is a good choice. This fertilizer also contains a special blend of soil microorganisms called Biozome. Biozome helps your plants thrive and produces healthy blooms. A good way to feed your Dahlia flowers is to add about 1/2 cup of fertilizer to the topsoil every 4 to 8 weeks.
During the early part of the growing season, dahlias can tolerate a higher dose of nitrogen. However, if you want the brightest color displays later on, you should use a half-strength fertilizer. Applying too much fertilizer can cause yellow leaves and floppy stems. A better way to fertilize Dahlia flowers is by using well-composted manure. It is not difficult to create manure from chicken or rabbit manure.
You can purchase a fertilizer spike. These nutrients are released by microorganisms in the soil and help dahlia plants thrive. A five-10-10 NPK fertilizer will work best. You can also use a 0-0-10 fertilizer for a more specific type of flower. The type of fertilizer you select should also be compatible with the type of Dahlia you are growing. The right fertilizer mix will make all the difference.
Pests And Diseases Of Dahlia Flowers
The following list of pests and diseases can infest Dahlia flowers. Earwigs are the main culprit, but you may also encounter capsid bugs and caterpillars. These pests will damage your Dahlias’ leaves and, in some cases, the flowers as well. Fortunately, you can kill these pests with a Pyrethrin-based insecticide. This insecticide will kill these pests, while not harming beneficial insects. Japanese Beetles can also infest your Dahlias. If left untreated, they can destroy the flowers.
Caterpillars and other insects may eat your Dahlias’ leaves and flowers. Their feeding habits can cause them to turn yellow and distorted, and they can even destroy stems. These insects can also eat the leaves and stems of your Dahlia plants. They leave behind a tainted frass. To get rid of these pests, you can apply systemic insecticides and sprays. Use insecticidal soaps if you notice signs of a infestation, but remember to be patient and follow the instructions on the label.
Harvesting Dahlia Flowers
The dahlia comes in an incredible variety of colors, sizes, shapes, and forms, and they are extremely easy to care for. Originally from Mexico, they are bushy herbaceous plants that produce tubers like potatoes. These tubers are used as food for the plant when planted, and they help it grow roots that provide it with energy. While they are popular as flowers, Dahlias are also commonly grown as ornamentals.
In addition to their flower-producing abilities, dahlias are also highly susceptible to various diseases. Infested plants are vulnerable to mosaic virus, which causes yellow, white, or black spots on the leaves. Although the virus is not curable, it can be prevented by keeping your hands clean. Aphids feed on the plant’s sap, which then turns into sooty mold and attracts other bugs.
Typically, dahlias take twelve to sixteen weeks to bloom, but they will continue to bloom until the first frost. The amount of flowers produced by a single plant will vary based on the variety, but you can count on getting two to five flowers per plant each week. Harvesting dahlias when they are fully in bloom is best, as they will not open further once picked. For best results, harvest the flowers in the morning or evening, when they are still cool.