Gardening – Top Garden Subsistence Food Crops

Winter squash and potatoes are two of the easiest crops to grow in the garden. You can also try Green Beans and Dry Beans. Read on for more information. We’ll discuss each in more detail. After you’ve learned about the best winter squash varieties, try planting them in your own garden! These crops are great for storing excess food during the long winter months. Here are some suggestions for growing each of these crops:

Potatoes

Known as a starchy vegetable, potatoes are an important part of the nightshade family. Potatoes are a starchy tuber with mildly sedative properties. Native to South America, potatoes originate in the highland Andean mountains from Colombia to Chile. Their ancestors are more than 200 species, with most potato diversity occurring in the southern Peruvian region around Titicaca Lake. In the 16th century, Spanish conquistadors first discovered potatoes in Colombia, thinking them to be truffles. Later, Europeans were afraid of potatoes, and only cultivated them as ornamental plants. The Spanish introduced potatoes to the world, and by 1570, they were considered a food crop.

The primary difference between a vegetable and a plant is how they are grown. Potatoes are vegetatively propagated, and they require a well-drained, cool soil. Those with sandy soil can improve drainage by adding compost or peat moss. Because potatoes have shallow root systems, they require lots of room and aeration. A well-drained, loose soil with no large rocks will yield uniform, healthy potatoes.

Winter Squash

This root vegetable needs about 100 days to grow and produces large amounts of delicious and nutritious squash. The squash plants produce both male and female flowers, which are yellow and have reproductive structures in the center of their petals. Many types of winter squash can be grown, including spaghetti, acorn, butternut, and acorn crookneck. These plants are part of the Cucurbitaceae family, which also includes cucumbers, melons, and pumpkins.

The rinds of winter squash are tough and can be stored for months. They are eaten in the winter months in northern regions, although you will not find them in subtropical areas. Winter squash will last most of the winter, while acorn squash will only last a few weeks. To store squash, check them for rotting and store seeds or heirloom varieties in a dark, cool location.

Regardless of whether you plan to plant winter squash in your garden or not, you should consider growing it. This squash is a low-calorie food that grows well around other crops. It doesn’t pack a huge amount of calories, but is high in fiber, vitamin B6 and vitamin C. When dried, it can be crumbled and added to soups. If you’re growing winter squash, consider combining it with potatoes and beans to make a nutritious and tasty meal.

Dry Beans And Corn

There are many reasons why Dry Beans And Corn are among the top garden subsistence food crops. They are nutritious, store well, and can be eaten throughout the year. These plants also add calories to the diet. They are versatile and can be water-bath canned. However, they are not low-calorie and require a lot of space to grow. Depending on your climate, you may wish to consider other crops to supplement your staples.

Although dry beans and corn are considered to be good for subsistence gardening, they are susceptible to disease. They can suffer from a variety of bacterial and fungal infections. In humid climates, dry beans may be especially vulnerable. Fortunately, there are 30+ fungicides available for them. Besides fungicides, beans are also susceptible to white mold, which is a fungal disease that can damage the plants. In addition, various sucking insects can damage the seeds and pods.

Despite the fact that corn and dry beans are the two top subsistence food crops, they are not the only ones. Dry beans are one of the most important crops for subsistence gardens, and they have a wide variety of market classes. Selecting the most suitable market class for your soil and climate is important in determining the net profit potential. Although dry beans tend to yield less than corn, they are worth twice as much as corn and are less likely to discolor when harvested. So, choosing the right one is vital to your success.

Green Beans

Whether you live in a cold climate or not, there are some staple crops that you can grow in your garden. These crops are essential in human survival, and should be easy to grow, provide good yields, and be calorie dense. In addition to carbohydrates, most of these crops are also rich sources of other nutrients. Read on to learn more about staple crops. Then, decide which one to grow in your garden.

Cabbage

One of the most versatile garden vegetables, cabbage can be harvested in many forms. It can be harvested from the stems, head, or roots. Harvesting is most effective in mid to late-winter, when cabbage can be stored indoors. You can also use the stems or roots, as well as sprouts, to add variety and taste to dishes. Cabbage can be stored for up to three months if properly preserved.

The cabbage plant is a biennial or annual vegetable. It’s closely related to broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, and Savoy cabbage. Cabbage is also susceptible to several pests, fungal diseases, and nutrient deficiencies. To combat these, it is best to grow it in a climate with moderate rainfall and plenty of water throughout the growing season. Harvesting cabbage heads should be carried out when the leaves are firm and the stalks are flexible.

Beets and carrots

Root crops are great for growing in your garden, and September is the perfect time to plant these colorful beauties. These are excellent sources of protein and vitamins, and add a splash of color to your dish. While many gardeners will focus on tomatoes, beets and carrots can also be grown in your garden. Read on to learn more about why these two vegetables are top garden food crops.

Turnips Or Rutabaga

The cool season vegetable Turnips Or Rutabaga is best grown from seed. Regardless of whether you choose to grow them from seed or purchase a plant, the first few years are crucial. These roots can grow rapidly, but they must be planted several weeks before the last frost. Planting turnips requires an average of two to three inches of soil depth, and they should be thinned every four weeks. Ideally, turnips should be sown 75 days before their expected maturity date, and they should be harvested about two to three weeks after the last frost.

Rutabaga and turnips are both excellent sources of fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They contain no calories, but are high in iron, fiber, and vitamin A. You can easily grow these roots in containers. Turnips and rutabagas are low in calories and are good sources of fiber and iron. Turnips are also highly nutritious food, so they’re a great option if you’re concerned about calorie intake.

Greens Like Kale Or Collards Or Spinach

For a quick, easy meal, greens like kale or collards are excellent choices. Collards grow huge, with massive leaves. It is important to remember that they need 12 inches of space on all sides to maximize air flow and sunlight to ALL of their leaves. A little mulch around the plant’s base will keep weeds down and the soil cool.

Growing greens like kale or collards or spinach in the garden can provide a steady supply of fresh, healthy, and delicious food. These two vegetables can be harvested in fifty to seventy days. The leaves tend to retain the most nutrients when cooked. Unlike cabbage, they do not lose their general shape or volume when cooked. Kale also goes well with potatoes.

You can harvest kale in several ways, including whole or in small leaves. In general, the lower leaves of kale mature first. Harvesting greens in the cool part of the day is most nutritious, but if you’re harvesting them too late, they may turn out to be stringy or bitter. Harvesting greens early in the morning will preserve their nutritional value for a few days, so it’s best to do it soon after harvest. Once picked, rinse them thoroughly under cool running water and prepare them for cooking or freezing. Raw kale can be eaten with or without oil or spices, or massaged into a soft paste.

9 Survival Gardening Crops to Grow