The Fall season is a great time to plant new perennials. You can choose from a wide variety of varieties depending on your soil and garden conditions. There are plants for shady areas, moist soil, and full sun. If you have poor soil, you can choose a drought-tolerant perennial that doesn’t need a lot of water.
Fall Blooming Perennials for shady areas
Fall-blooming perennials in shady areas add color to your yard. Baresfoot fern is a beautiful choice for shady areas with its fern-like foliage and bright white flowers. This perennial has a wide range of soil conditions and is hardy to zone 5.
This ground cover perennial grows 8 to 20 inches tall, has pretty green leaves, and produces tiny white or pink flowers. This perennial flower blooms from spring to fall. Garden phlox is another perennial that blooms in the fall. Garden phlox has a variety of colors, including pink and white, and blooms from April through frostier months.
Another hardy shade perennial that produces clusters of flowers is the yellow-flowered fern-leaf bleeding heart. This plant grows well in zones three to nine and tolerates heavy shade. It has heart-shaped leaves and thick stems that add interest to a shady garden.
The bellflower (campanula) is a perennial with several varieties that produce a wide range of colors and sizes. The flowers of bellflowers bloom from June to frost, and they’re perfect for shady areas. You can also plant yellow fumitory, which likes no afternoon sun, and is deer-resistant.
Spiderwort is another perennial that can grow in shady areas but will do equally well in a sunny spot. The plant is hardy and needs very little maintenance. The flowers are spotted like toads, and it’s also deer and drought-resistant.
Astilbe is another shade-tolerant perennial that produces three-petaled flowers. It grows 18 to 24 inches tall and can be cut back after it blooms. Astilbe is hardy to zone 4, but it can’t handle severe drought. Ensure the soil remains moist to keep the plant alive.
Fall Blooming Perennials for moist soil areas
To get the most blooms from your perennial plants, choose those that bloom in the fall. Perennials are perennials that bloom for two to four weeks. They should be planted in groups of three to prevent weeds. Perennials should be watered at least once a week and preferably twice a week. They need about one to 1.5 inches of water a week to thrive. The best time to plant perennials is from mid-spring through early summer or early fall. When planting, use an organic mulch to protect the roots and keep them from drying out.
Fall-blooming perennials are ideal for moist soil areas. The fall-blooming flowers can bring color to the yard and attract hummingbirds and butterflies. A variety of colors is available for fall flower gardens, and you can choose among many different varieties. For example, clematis can bloom in the fall and again in the spring. Other flowers in this group include salvia and echinacea.
Monkshood is another perennial that blooms in the fall. While most monkshood flowers bloom in the spring, you can plant ‘Arendsii’ monkshood in moist soil to see its blooms in mid-October. This plant needs a moist soil, and it needs to be staked.
Cardinal flower is a popular native plant with scarlet-red flowers. The flower attracts butterflies and hummingbirds and thrives in moist soil areas. It also self-seeds, so a new plant will grow year after year. The cardinal flower grows well in wetlands. It is a good perennial to include in a moist soil border as it is deer-resistant and attracts butterflies.
‘Sparkler’ palm sedge is another perennial that likes moist soils and shade. It makes a low-growing ornamental groundcover and is easy to grow. Marsh marigold is another perennial that likes moist soil and has cheery yellow blooms. Its dark green leaves make it an excellent choice for moist soil areas.
Fall Blooming Perennials for full sun areas
If you want a perennial flower that blooms in the fall, consider one of the many types of autumn-flowering plants. Many of these perennials are deer-resistant and are not affected by pests or disease. They are also hardy in zones three to eight.
Many perennials grow well in New England, and many are low-maintenance and suited to our climate. We will discuss some popular choices for fall blooming perennials from our area. We will describe their characteristics and benefits so that you can choose a variety that will thrive in your garden.
Coneflowers are among the longest-lasting fall blooming perennials, and they are also some of the most showy. Purple coneflowers, for instance, are striking in the fall. They feature large rose flowers with a rust-colored cone, and add a splash of color to a rustic scene. Other fall-blooming perennials include free-flowing asters, Mexican bush sage, and lamb’s ears. These perennials are hardy and are suitable for full sun areas.
Japanese anemone is another essential fall-blooming perennial for full-sun gardens. Usually white, pink, or a combination of pink and white, Japanese anemone grows to be a couple of feet tall and one or two feet wide. Their flowers are fragrant, and can persist throughout the fall.
Fall-blooming perennials are as vibrant as their summer counterparts. However, they must be planted earlier in the year to ensure they are hardy enough when the first frost hits the garden. Aside from the benefits of flowers for the human eye, they also help pollinators and attract hummingbirds and butterflies.
Fall Blooming Perennials for poor soil areas
Whether you’re in a climate that’s not suited to the warm and sunny climates of California or you’re trying to find perennials that grow well in your area with a poor soil, there are many perennial plants that can thrive in those conditions. These plants grow well in a wide variety of climates, and they produce beautiful blooms year after year. For those who don’t want to deal with the hassle of planting perennials, you can always start them from seed indoors or in a pot and then transplant them outside when temperatures are appropriate.
Perennials should be planted in a well-draining soil and get a good amount of sunlight. You should also make sure that you plant container-grown perennials in holes twice as wide as the container. Bare-root perennials should be soaked for several hours before planting. They should also be fertilized to encourage growth and blooming.
When planting in areas with poor soil, you should look for a plant that will tolerate shade and poor drainage. The best perennials for such soils include the Autumn Joy, which can thrive in full sun or shade. Autumn Joy produces flowers that turn bronze or rust-red in early fall. The Purple Coneflower is another perennial that grows well in poor soil areas. It has a long blooming period and attracts pollinators.
Fall-blooming perennials can revive your garden in fall and will last for several months. The flowers may be short-lived if frost occurs early in the year, but perennials will continue to bloom throughout the winter.
Fall Blooming Perennials for drier areas
Fall-blooming perennials are a great choice for drier climates. They are drought-tolerant once established, and are great bee-attractors. Since they bloom after summer flowering perennials have died back, they play a key role in pollinator ecology. Some popular varieties include Autumn Joy, Autumn Delight, Neon, and Matrona. These flowers are hardy and adaptable to a wide range of soil types and temperatures.
If you have a hot and drier climate, consider Gaura, which is a surprisingly hardy groundcover. This perennial thrives in hot, dry conditions and tolerates poor soil. Its gray green leaves have clusters of fragrant white flowers and it self-sows. Another perennial to try is the Rosemary, a fragrant, delicious annual herb. It grows best in full sun and can handle prolonged periods of drought.
The Actea family is great drought-tolerant perennials. They develop deep roots and spread by rhizomes, which tunnel horizontally through the ground. Acteas can withstand dry soil after three years of growth. Acteas can grow up to four feet tall and range in colour. Black Negligee and Autropurpurea are excellent performers in zone three and four.
The Yarrow is another perennial that can handle dry soil. It is a tough plant with clusters of blue flowers in late spring. The blooms can last into early summer. It is an excellent choice for a border, walkway, or flower bed. It has fern-like foliage, making it a good choice for drier areas.
Another perennial that grows in drier areas is the Walker’s Low. This low-growing perennial has trumpet-shaped lavender-blue flowers. This plant has been named Perennial Plant of the Year in 2007, and the species from which it was derived has received the Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit.