Gardening – Uses For Banana Peels In The Garden


When it comes to composting, you can use banana peels in a variety of ways. They are biodegradable and can be thrown into your compost pile as mulch. Just make sure you use them chopped or soaked as a semi-solid slurry. Do not leave them whole because they attract skunks and raccoons. In addition to being an excellent plant food, banana peels are a great attractant to butterflies, bees, wasps, and caterpillars.

Fermented banana peel water reduces insects

The benefits of fermented banana peel water are numerous. Not only does it promote the growth of healthy roots, but it also reduces insect problems in the garden. Its sour alcohol-like smell also helps deter insects. It is also easy to apply to plants, either indoors or outdoors. This pest-repellent liquid is also a good foliar spray for plants, as it gets absorbed quickly through the leaves.

One way to use this liquid fertilizer is to mix a few banana peels with water. You can leave the peels in a jar for a couple of weeks until the water is colored. The water should be diluted to a ratio of one part fertilizer to four parts water. Then, you can spray the banana water on your plants, as you would with any other organic fertilizer.

Fermented banana peel water also acts as a natural fly-catcher. Add some banana peels to apple cider vinegar and let it sit outside your garden. Bugs will be attracted to the scent of the banana peels and will be trapped in the liquid. Banana peels also help repel aphids from attacking your plants. If you don’t want to use the banana peels as an insect repellent, you can simply bury them in the soil.

Apart from being an excellent soil amendment, banana peels can also serve as compost for air plants. They release nutrients into the soil as they decompose. Banana peels make a great source of nitrogen and potassium for plants. Moreover, you can combine banana peels with eggshells and other kitchen scraps. It’s good for the soil because all organic matter in the garden is beneficial to the plants.

You can also use banana peel water as a side-dress for plants. Make sure to use it sparingly, as banana peels can attract unwanted bugs. You can dilute the banana peels with water to make sure the nutrients are distributed evenly around your plants. However, make sure that you dilute it thoroughly before using it as fertilizer as it could burn your plants. It’s also recommended that you apply banana peel vinegar to plants that love acid. You can even make banana peel water from the peel and use it as a seed substrate.

Banana peels are rich in potassium, which helps plants grow strong roots and distribute nutrients properly. They also repel pests. Insects are also more attracted to banana peel water than to other fruits and vegetables. In addition, they increase the growth rate of tomatoes and peppers. The banana peels contain potassium and calcium, which are important for the growth of plants. So, a banana peel fertilizer is an excellent option for low-nitrogen plants.

Antifungal and antibiotic properties

Banana peel has many applications both in food and non-food industries. It can be used as a thickening agent, colorant, flavor, and alternative source of macronutrients. It can also act as a natural cuticle. However, it is generally considered as waste and discarded as solid waste. The peel is therefore a valuable source of antimicrobials, fungicides, and other natural substances.

Its antibacterial and antifungal properties are believed to be due to its phytochemical and secondary metabolites. Phytochemicals are compounds found in banana peels, which have antimicrobial, antifungal, and antioxidant activity. Banana peel is also beneficial for your plants. By applying banana peels to the soil in your garden, you can prevent the growth of harmful microorganisms and improve the health of your plants.

Banana peel contains compounds with antimicrobial and antifungal properties. In one study, banana peel extract was found to inhibit Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, two common types of garden pathogens. The banana peels were also found to be effective against Candida albicans, A. psoriasis, and gram-negative coli.

Banana peels contain high levels of potassium, which is important for general plant vigor and building resistance. It regulates 50 enzymes in plants and hangs itself onto the trunk of trees and vertical plants. If your plants are deficient in potassium, you will be able to tell by looking for brown veins on older leaves. Banana peels contain 200 mg of potassium, which is about 40% of the fruit. In addition to providing nutrients, banana peels act as a natural pest repellent.

Apart from being a great source of nutrients and antioxidants, banana peels have been extensively studied for their antimicrobial and antifungal properties. In addition to being an edible fruit, the peel is also an excellent source of high-value raw materials for other industries. So, why not give banana peels a try and enjoy the benefits of banana peels in your garden? They can also be a great source of compost.

A new study shows that M. paradisiaca peels exhibit antifungal and antibiotic properties. In a test involving five bacteria strains and two fungal isolates, M. paradisiaca peel extract was found to inhibit the growth of both the bacteria and the fungi in the test tubes. The flavonoid and phenolic compounds found in the peels were analyzed using HPLC.

It is possible to extract pectin from banana peels and use it as a natural fertilizer. The chemical process uses potassium hydroxide to dissolve the cellulosic material and liberates the fertilizing agent. The liberated agent is called nanochelating biostimulant fertilizers. Banana peels contain a variety of minerals such as Mg++, Fe++, Na++, and Zn++. They also contain tryptophan, which is an amino acid.

Pest repellent

Banana peels are a great source of potassium, which promotes general plant vigor and builds resistance to pests. It is also necessary for fruit development and regulates 50 different enzymes in plants. In addition, banana peels provide instant relief to any bug bite or an insect sting. This way, you can reuse banana peels for many uses in the garden. So, why not start today?

Banana peels are also effective aphid repellents. This fruit contains d-limonene, which is nontoxic to warm-blooded animals and works by acting on sensory nerves and peripheral nervous systems. This makes banana peels an excellent natural pest repellent. Despite its benefits to gardeners, some gardening forums and scientific journals have stated that banana peels are not effective in this application.

Apart from being effective as pest repellents, banana peels are also useful as fertilizers. They provide important nutrients to the soil, which helps plants grow strong roots and stronger stems. They can also be used as mulch, buried in the soil, or directly on plants. When they are used in the garden, banana peels have been proven to repel aphids and other insects.

Using banana peels as a pest repellent is an effective way to use these natural resources. It works by giving your plants a sour smell that discourages aphids and other garden pests. Simply place banana peels around your plants, in areas that are prone to aphid infestation. When buried into the soil, banana peels help the plants to absorb the nutrients and attract beneficial insects and microbes.

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Banana Peel Fertilizer – 3 Ways To Use Banana Skins In Your Garden!

Gardening – How To Create A No Dig Garden


No-dig gardens are a great way to minimize weeding and save time. These gardens are typically raised about 13 to 15 inches above the ground, and they do not require a bottom. No-dig gardens are not suitable for stepping on, because your step will disturb the layers and compress the ecosystem. Instead, use wooden edging or plastic mulch to contain your materials. If you have a shallow bed, it is okay to use plastic mulch as the bottom, as long as you are not stepping on the soil.

No-dig gardening minimizes weeding

No-dig gardening focuses on building soil fertility and reducing weed growth. The bed itself should be 3-6” deep and layered with two to three inches of mulch. Light sprinkling has little effect and will waste time. Alternatively, you can order tons of compost and use that to create a bed. Weeds will prefer the edges of beds, so you’ll need to pile up additional layers of mulch on them than on the rest of the site.

Another benefit of no-dig gardening is that it is an excellent way to clear a weed-infested growing area. The method does not disrupt soil life, including worms, fungi, and microorganisms, which feed on the roots of plants. You can also apply organic matter to the growing area, such as compost, well-rotted manure, or peat-free mulch.

One of the most important benefits of no-dig gardening is the absence of weeding. As organic materials decompose rapidly, you will be left with a rich black compost that will attract beneficial microorganisms to your garden. The lack of digging also prevents weed seeds from germinating in the soil. Raised beds are essentially ‘no-dig’ gardens. Instead of digging out the soil, you can fill a raised bed with a 50:50 mixture of topsoil and compost. After weeds have died down, you can plant directly into the bed.

No-dig gardens should be built in the morning when the microbial activity slows. This prevents heat stress. Mulching is an essential element in no-dig gardening because it prevents water loss and keeps the soil cooler. Chicken manure is a great choice for layering, as it contains the highest amount of nitrogen of all animal manures. Besides nitrogen, chicken manure also contains potassium and phosphorus.

No-dig gardens require a great deal of organic material for mulching. Start with a small section of the garden and add as much organic matter as you can. If you can’t compost the whole garden at once, then straw or woodchips are suitable. They will break down over time, providing less hiding spaces for slugs. A water-permeable weed membrane is also a good choice for this purpose.

Saves time

One of the benefits of no dig gardening is the fact that you can avoid tilling and forking the soil. Instead, you can simply place a layer of compost over the soil. This way, beneficial soil creatures will mix the compost with the native soil. This method is especially good for flowers and ornamental plants, as there are fewer weeds. No dig also results in healthier plants and more food per square meter.

No dig gardens usually involve making a raised bed, using straw as the foundation, and filling it with compost and seeds. Another method is to build hugelkultur mounds, or layers, to create the bed. By using these methods, you can create your compost right where the plants will grow. However, you should still use a separate compost system. It’s also good to use rock dust and worm castings to help your garden grow faster.

Once you have your no dig garden area, make sure that the area is well-mulched. A layer of three to six inches of mulch is enough to prevent weeds. You can add more each year, but a light sprinkling will have little effect. You can also order tons of compost use on your new garden area. This will speed up the process and save you a lot of time.

Soil is a complex ecosystem, more complex than any other in our world. It contains 50 billion microbes, a number more than the number of people in the world. These organisms include bacteria, fungi, yeast, protozoa, algae, and earthworms. By ensuring that the soil is rich in nutrients and moisture, no dig gardening makes it possible for you to grow healthy, beautiful plants and flowers.

Compost mulch is another method for no-dig gardening. It feeds soil organisms with organic matter, allowing them to produce more nutrients for plants. The soil is also happy, as it is less prone to weeds. Charles cringes when he must harvest root crops, so he doesn’t dig up tap-rooted weeds. Charles also explains that the disturbance forces the soil into a recovery period, upsetting its natural balance and creating an opportunity for weeds to flourish. The path in his garden is largely weed-free.

Reduces weeding

Creating a no-dig garden is an excellent way to grow food and avoid weeding, but there are a few things you should remember to avoid putting yourself at risk. To start, make sure the area is in full sun. Cut down any woody weeds to the soil level, then cover with a quarter-inch layer of high-quality compost. This will speed up the decomposition process of the vegetation. Once the compost has cooled, lay down a layer of cardboard or double layer of mulch.

No-dig gardens are constructed with layers of organic matter and mulch, with the last layer being nitrogen-rich. The resulting soil structure is more fertile, which means fewer weeds. The soil is also free of debris and weed seeds, which can suffocate new growth. No-dig gardens also encourage soil life by fostering diversity through mixed plantings and soil wildlife.

When creating a no-dig garden, make sure to use no-dig planting equipment. If you are using a standard garden tool, you may find that it can cause too much compaction. Avoid this by following the instructions on the seed package. Also, use a garden planner to keep track of the depth of the planting, as the soil can become compacted when a no-dig garden is created.

No-dig gardening is a good idea for reducing weeds. Using tilling machinery can disrupt the natural structure of the soil and kill beneficial organisms that live in the soil. Additionally, tilling brings dormant weed seeds to the surface and causes them to germinate. No-dig soil contains the microbes that feed the soil, which reduces the weed problem and makes it easier for plants to find water and nutrients.

Adding mulch to beds and containers will keep them moist all season. Wood shavings will decompose in about three years, but this can be expensive. Wood shavings can also create a slug habitat, so use the wood chips sparingly. As for compost materials, use green wood pruning instead of wood chips. They will also benefit your soil. In the long run, they will decompose into compost, meaning less work for you!

Start out no-dig – one method with cardboard and compost

Gardening – Compost Tea For Your Garden


Compost tea is a water-based solution made from compost that boosts soil microbes. It is an easy-to-apply solution and is more easily applied than solid compost. It can feed an entire acre with only 15 to 20 gallons. But the scientific proof is sketchy. While a few studies have indicated positive results, they are essentially irrelevant for a home gardener. Despite the many benefits, compost tea is controversial.

Compost tea is a water-based solution

There are many benefits of compost tea, and you can brew it yourself at home. It can take as little as 24 hours to make, and the water-based solution is rich in nutrients and bacteria. It also contains nematodes and protozoans. The finished compost can then be spread on your plants or spread in the garden. It is highly recommended to use compost tea for your garden at least once a year.

If you’re planning to make compost tea for your garden, make sure your water is free of biocides. The water from your municipal tap most likely contains chlorine or chloramine. To find out which chemicals are added to your water supply, visit the Environmental Working Group’s Tap Water Database. If you’re unsure, contact your local water utility and ask them about their practices. Aerating the water is crucial to ensure it is not too anaerobic.

When applied as a mulch around plants, compost tea helps prevent soil-borne diseases. By enhancing the soil’s ability to hold water, compost tea also increases the root depth of plants, improving nutrient cycling, and suppressing disease. Unlike other types of fertilizers, compost tea is available to plant roots right away. This makes it a valuable option for organic and commercial growers alike.

It is easier to apply than solid compost

The easiest way to apply compost is through the use of a compost tea concentrate. This type of product has no solid particles and is much easier to apply to your lawn or garden. Depending on the type of compost tea you use, it can be applied in several ways: by watering the lawn with a watering can, spraying it on plants, or using a pump sprayer. However, you should use clean water and make sure to use a mesh tea bag with a large opening.

You can use compost tea by mixing one cup of compost per gallon of water. If you do not have a compost tea dispenser, you can mix the compost tea with water in a bucket. To make it more convenient, you can place the bag of compost tea in a large colander and strain it. Once the bag is full, stir it every day to help it soak in all of the nutrients.

While solid compost is easy to apply, compost tea is easier to apply. The only downside is that the tea can get into the holes of your watering can. Also, it will clog your sprayer with spent compost. To prevent this, some people prefer to strain compost tea before using it in a sprayer. If you don’t want the spent compost to block the sprayer, you should remove the tea bag, squeeze it, and discard it.

It boosts soil microbes

Composted organic matter is an excellent liquid fertilizer that is rich in nutrients and can also be used as a plant disease suppressor. It is produced by soaking finished compost in water, and then adding food-sources, like brown sugar or molasses, which feed beneficial soil microorganisms. These ingredients help to build a better nutrient balance, which is why compost tea is highly valued as an organic liquid fertilizer.

The bacteria responsible for most human disease need anaerobic conditions to survive. In this environment, they can only outcompete normal, beneficial bacteria. While compost tea has many of these beneficial bacteria, it does not contain any human pathogens. A key factor in compost tea’s success is active oxygenation, so if your compost tea is not aerated, it will not contain any of the bacteria that cause disease.

Compost tea is more effective when applied to soil as a foliar feed. The brew can be applied directly to soil or applied via a garden hose with a siphon injector. A compost tea drench can also be applied via drip irrigation. Compost tea drench can be customized to target applications and soil types. For example, a fungus-heavy brew may be preferred to provide microbes for a perennial bed, while a microbe-heavy blend is ideal for foliar feeding an annual garden bed.

It is easy to make

You can add fresh compost to your compost pile to produce compost tea. You can also buy bagged organic compost to brew the tea. Compost tea is an excellent organic fertilizer, and it can be used on your plants and foliage. The benefits of compost tea are numerous. It can reduce your reliance on chemical fertilizers while improving your soil’s health and fertility. You can use it to water your plants or apply it to the soil surrounding your plants. The water in the compost tea carries nutrients to the roots of the plants.

Once you’ve mixed the compost with the water, you can strain it. You should strain the compost tea through a burlap bag, nylon stocking, or some other porous cloth. Be sure to leave an inch or two of space in the bucket, and add a cup of unsulfured molasses. Place aquarium tubing in the bucket to aerate the compost tea. Brewing the tea takes between 24 and 48 hours. If you do not add oxygen, the compost will become toxic.

The basic recipe for compost tea calls for two cups of finished compost. Compost that is fully decomposed and has a sweet smell is perfect for compost tea. Worm castings are another way to make compost tea. Worms are a great source of organic fertilizer. If you’re a gardener, you can use the castings from your worms to make compost tea. The only difference in the two types of compost teas is the amount of time needed to complete the process.

It can be diluted with water

If you’re looking for a way to supercharge your organic garden without spending a fortune, consider making compost tea for your garden. Brewing this drink requires very little equipment and minimal knowledge. If you want to create a brewed tea for your garden, here are the steps to follow. Read on to learn how to make your own compost tea. Just make sure to use a thermophilic compost, which is a mix of carbon and nitrogen materials.

For a compost tea, you can add molasses. Molasses contains natural sugars that help to boost the bacteria content of the tea. You can use either a tablespoon or a cup of molasses. You can also use a cheesecloth or an adult-sized sock. A leg of an old pantyhose can also be used to make a compost tea.

The advantages of compost tea for your garden include its ability to saturate a larger surface area than conventional compost. It also contains a higher concentration of nutrients and can be applied to plants as a foliar spray or soil drench. While it’s not a miracle cure-all, compost tea is a natural, inexpensive alternative to chemical pesticides. It’s also easier to apply than regular fertilizer.

It is a biodegradable fertilizer

Compost tea is the liquid form of organic compost. It is a rich source of nutrients for your plants, and makes an excellent fertilizer for both indoor and outdoor plants. A cousin of manure tea, compost tea is the “liquid gold” of gardening. It encourages healthy plant development and protects against pathogens. What’s more, you don’t have to spend a fortune on fertilizers, and you can make your own compost tea in your kitchen.

Compost tea is a natural biodegradable fertilizer made by composting, and contains numerous vitamins and antioxidants. It also contains beneficial microorganisms, organic materials, and other compounds that encourage growth. The quality of compost tea depends on its geographic location and the composition of the compost. It is a biodegradable fertilizer made by mixing finished compost with water and letting it ferment for two weeks. It is then strained to remove any solids and applied to the soil and plant foliage.

However, compost tea can’t be stored for later use, because the beneficial microorganisms start to die off shortly after brewing. Once this happens, the tea can contain dangerous organisms like E. coli, so gardeners usually recommend diluting the tea with water. A diluted solution will keep the microbes alive longer. However, it is important to note that compost tea isn’t suitable for use on edible parts of plants.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Compost Tea

In this article, we will discuss the benefits and disadvantages of compost tea as a technique for delivering nutrients and microbial life to soil. Compost tea is a natural product that has several advantages, including reducing the need for synthetic fertilizers. It is also safe, effective, and a safe alternative to synthetic fertilizers. But is it a safe option for all gardeners?

Compost tea is a technique used to deliver nutrients and microbial life to the soil

The method works by aerating the compost material to encourage the growth of beneficial microbes. While aeration increases the quantity of microbes, it decreases the shelf life of the extract. The compost tea must be used within a few hours after it has been brewed, or else it will become anaerobic. Here are some tips to help you make compost tea:

Compost tea can reduce pests, diseases, and reduce soil pollution. Its high nutrient content also protects the soil from pathogens and contaminants. Moreover, it helps the soil hold moisture and reduces watering frequency. Plants fed on compost tea have better growth and are less susceptible to disease. They have also been shown to produce higher yields of flavorful fruit.

Composted organic matter is a rich source of nutrients and beneficial microbes. These microbes break down organic matter, reducing pathogenic bacteria and increasing bioavailability of nutrients. Compost tea also enhances the soil’s ability to retain nutrients. Aerating the soil makes nutrients available to plants more quickly, as a result of the improved microbial community.

To make compost tea, prepare the organic materials in water. Then, use a watering can or a sprayer. Before using a watering can, strain the compost tea as it can clog the sprayer. Also, remember to squeeze the tea bag before spraying the solution onto the soil. Then, use the spent compost elsewhere. Soil Food-Web, Inc., is a company that promotes the use of compost tea to enhance soil health.

It reduces the need for synthetic fertilizers

Many people have been trying to cut down on their use of artificial fertilizers by turning to compost tea as a natural alternative. Besides reducing the need for synthetic fertilizers, compost tea has several other benefits. It is known to suppress diseases, such as powdery mildew and gray mold, which are both weak pathogens. Additionally, compost tea contains numerous beneficial microorganisms, which can crowd out harmful organisms.

Compost tea is made by steeping organic material in water. This tea contains soluble nutrients that your plants need to grow. In addition, it contains beneficial microorganisms that your plants need. It is a great alternative to chemical fertilizers, and it helps you extend the life of your compost pile. It can also be used as a foliar spray or integrated into your irrigation system.

The microorganisms in compost tea act as workhorses, reducing the need for synthetic fertilizers. Hundreds to thousands of gallons of compost tea can feed an acre, whereas hundreds or even thousands of gallons of synthetic fertilizers are needed to feed just a few plants. Unfortunately, scientific proof for these claims is thin and only a handful of studies have shown significant benefits. These results are meaningless for the average backyard gardener.

Another benefit of compost tea is that it can help to minimize water loss by improving water-holding in the soil. It can also help reduce tillage because it improves the structure of the soil. Soil biology is important in building the structure of soil. In order for a soil to be healthy, it must have the presence of ALL groups of the foodweb. Plate count methods don’t show this.

It is a natural product

Compost tea is made by “steeping” healthy compost in water. It is a mixture of compost and microbial food source additives such as rock dust, kelp, and humic-fulvic acid. It adds moisture, food, and oxygen levels to plant foliage. Many gardeners use it to improve their soil and provide soluble plant nutrients. This article discusses some of the pros and cons of compost tea.

The quality of compost tea depends on a variety of factors, including the quality of the ingredients and the type of composting process used. In addition to the tea’s composition, compost tea requires food to maximize the beneficial organisms. Some common food sources include unsulfured blackstrap molasses, sea kelp, and fish hydrolysate. To make compost tea more effective, use oxygen-rich water that is free of chlorine.

Compost tea is an aerobic process that extracts beneficial microorganisms and increases their populations. This process is especially important for soils treated with chemicals, as these pesticides kill the beneficial microorganisms. The compost tea helps restore the life in soil and on plant surfaces, thereby making it a safe, healthy, and affordable alternative to chemical-based fertilizers. It can also help reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers, which are both important for the health of your garden.

It is safe

There are many benefits to drinking compost tea, but if you’re not sure if it’s safe for you, read on to learn about the basics. Make compost tea at home with a bucket and bubbler. You can even use water collected from a rain barrel. It’s safe to drink within 24 hours, but leave the compost tea out longer and it will collect harmful bacteria. Bacteria in compost tea can include salmonella and E. coli. The tea itself is not harmful, but it can go anaerobic, promoting the growth of bacteria and viruses.

Compost tea is a concentrated liquid fertilizer. The materials used in its production are broken down by microorganisms to produce a dark milky liquid. The nutrient content of compost tea is higher than that of normal compost. It is even safe for consumption on food crops. You can buy compost tea on sites like or from independent vendors. If you are unsure, purchase compost tea from a commercial supplier.

You can apply compost tea to your plants directly or to your soil. By combining these two processes, you can create a blanket effect that benefits both soil and plants. It is important to note that compost tea works best when the temperature is warm, as cooler temperatures result in microbial dormancy and no immediate benefit to the plants. Soil temperatures should be between 60 degrees and 75 degrees Fahrenheit for the best results.

It is effective

One of the main concerns about the use of compost tea is that it can contain harmful microbes. This is particularly true with aerated compost tea, which is often contaminated with harmful bacteria. In aerated compost tea, microbes are sprayed on a leaf, increasing their population. There is little scientific proof about whether compost tea can reduce the occurrence of diseases. Compost tea, on the other hand, is a more natural solution that can improve the condition of soil and reduce the need for frequent watering.

A recent study found that compost tea was ineffective against certain pathogens on some crops, but not others. It may be effective in diversifying the soil-food web, strengthening it against harmful fungi and bacteria. However, the results of these tests are not conclusive. In the end, it is important to remember that nothing is 100% effective, and any product or technique that claims to do everything is usually too good to be true.

Despite the negative effects, compost tea is effective against several diseases, including blight and other common weeds. It contains billions of helpful microorganisms that plants can absorb easily. These microbes are helpful because they feed the soil’s microflora with nutrients. The plants, on the other hand, are able to use these nutrients because they are easily available. These beneficial microbes coat the surface of the plant, making it immune to blight, wilt, and mold.

It is not complicated

Adding a cup of compost tea to your water is an easy and delicious way to improve your health and your diet. You can prepare your tea with a nylon sock or a pillow case. For a longer brew time, you can purchase an aeration system. The aerator introduces oxygen to the water and prevents anaerobic conditions, which can lead to bacteria.

You can also make a simple compost tea at home by dumping the compost into a bucket, straining it through a burlap bag or porous cloth. You can also use a nylon stocking or another porous cloth, and tie the long end into a bag. You can also use an airstone or a pump to help the compost tea filter out debris. This simple method of compost tea brewing is perfect for a green thumb!

When making compost tea, keep in mind that it should be served in the early morning or late afternoon when the heat of the day is less intense. It is also a perfect treat for newly-planted seedlings and a monthly treat for your garden. If you want to make a larger batch, use a hybrid compost tumbler/rain barrel. You should not let the compost tea sit longer than four hours. Otherwise, it will start to smell.

How to Make and Use Compost Tea

Gardening – The Basics of Garden Nitrogen Fixing Plants


In a garden, nitrogen-fixing plants are beneficial for both soil quality and crop production. Beans, peas, lupins, clover, dandelion and foxglove are good examples. There are many others as well, so consider trying a few. Read on for some helpful hints! In this article, we’ll cover the basics of nitrogen-fixing plants.


In the past, studies have shown a relationship between nitrogen fixation and phenological traits. This is important because plants that increase the availability of photoassimilates for nodule development will tend to mature later. In the case of beans, the association between nitrogen fixation and phenological traits was not observed in this research, but it does suggest that the plant could benefit from a longer growing period. However, further studies are needed to identify the precise causes of nitrogen fertilization and how to maximize its productivity.

Legumes, are important nitrogen-fixing plants. Their symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria helps them convert atmospheric nitrogen into usable ammonium nitrogen. This is vital for backyard vegetable gardens, because most plants are unable to absorb atmospheric nitrogen. However, nitrogen is an essential building block for all plants. Beans are a good example of legumes because they are nitrogen-fixing plants that store their own nitrogen in their seeds.

Legumes are one of the easiest plants to fix nitrogen in the soil. They grow fast and are relatively easy to grow. These legumes can be rototilled under to release nitrogen, which helps plants absorb it. Other nitrogen-fixing plants include peanuts, trees, and herbs. These can be used as green manures for the soil around them. The best part about these plants is that they are native to your region and can tolerate most climates.


Peas are among the many nitrogen-fixing plants, but their role in the cycle is controversial. Although they can fix nitrogen in the air, they also use it. So, it’s important to understand the role legumes play in this process. By using nitrogen from the air, they benefit the surrounding plants as well as the host plant. However, peas have many disadvantages. Read on to learn more about the benefits of legumes in your garden.

Peas are quite sensitive to soil acidity, and the optimum range for growing peas is 6.0 to 7.0. However, it’s important to remember that pea flavor can vary from site to site and year to year. Because peas are so sensitive to soil acidity, you’ll want to carefully monitor your soil pH and adjust the soil’s fertility as needed. If you have poor soil, peas will suffer from root rot.

Plants that fix nitrogen are called legumes, and they have built-in “fixers” in their roots. In fact, most pea plants thrive in a symbiotic relationship with rhizobia, bacteria that live in legume roots. The bacteria transform inert atmospheric nitrogen into usable nitrogen for pea plants. Despite this relationship, peas are not as effective as their wild relatives in the process of nitrogen fixation.


Although lupins are widely grown for their ornamental qualities, they have also been cultivated for food since the Egyptians. The Romans also cultivated lupins as a snack. Today, lupins are common garden plants in many regions of the world, including Mediterranean and South America. In addition to their ornamental value, lupins are a valuable source of nitrogen for your soil.

These low-growing, ornamental plants fix nitrogen in the soil and are also useful as feedstock for mulches. They can be grown as part of the understorey under fruit trees. However, not all nitrogen-fixing shrubs are suitable for all climate zones. Other herbaceous plants that fix nitrogen in the soil include wood vetch, lupins, and hyacinth.

Many plants, including lupins, can function in more than one way. They can provide nitrogen for your garden and help it thrive. By using symbiotic bacteria, nitrogen-fixing plants collect and store air-borne nitrogen. This process will continue until nodules form. In many cases, this is a much faster process than regenerating nitrogen on your own. However, if you do use a nitrogen-fixing plant, make sure you fertilize it at planting time.


Two of the most common ways to incorporate cover crops in the garden are to till them into the soil or to leave them as a mulch. In either case, the clovers will quickly break down into organic matter and add nutrients to the soil. The other way is to simply chop and drop the cuttings in the compost bin, which will help them turn into compost faster. The time for planting is also determined by the type of crop and its life cycle.

Clovers are legumes and will produce nitrogen in the soil if they are inoculated with the appropriate bacteria. This is accomplished by providing the seeds with Rhizobium trifolii, which naturally occurs in most soils. The exact amount of nitrogen produced depends on the type of legume and other factors, such as the soil pH and the growing conditions. In general, clover can fix as much as 100 pounds of nitrogen per acre.

Another method is to plant annual or perennial clover. Annual clover requires reseeding each year, while perennial clover is a perennial that will regrow without additional work. While annual clover is most commonly used for gardens, perennial clover is best for livestock forage and permanent erosion protection. If you have the space, consider using a mix of both. In either case, you’ll get the benefits of both methods.


Most vegetable gardens contain legumes such as Alfalfa. These plants are nitrogen-fixing, and they work with a common bacteria known as rhizobium to store nitrogen in nodules on their roots. Alfalfa can be applied to the soil in the form of an innoculant powder; some seed packets include a note advising you to do this. Applying the powder to your soil is a quick and easy way to boost nitrogen levels in your soil.

Alfalfa plants grow up to 30 centimeters tall. They grow from a crown with many stems. The plant produces corkscrew-coiled legumes, which attract beneficial insects. These flowers are also attractive. The flowers of alfalfa are attractive and attract a variety of beneficial insects, including leafcutter bees. Alfalfa is an excellent nitrogen-fixing plant and an excellent addition to any garden.

Alfalfa is a versatile plant that can be used in the garden as a cover crop. It improves the soil’s nutrient levels, and is one of the fastest-growing cover crops. It only takes four weeks to grow to full flower. In addition to nitrogen-fixing properties, alfalfa is a valuable source of protein and amino acids for humans and livestock alike.


In the past, researchers have compared the N2 fixation of common garden nitrogen-fixing plants with those of other crops. Cowpea, like most legumes, is highly nitrogen-fixing. During the first two years of growth, it produces large amounts of nitrogen-fixing nodules in its leaves and shoots. The amount of nitrogen-fixing nodules is inversely proportional to the amount of fertiliser applied. However, despite the differences in plant growth, the amount of N2 fixation was significantly reduced in low-N2-fixing cowpea accessions.

In the study, shoots from cowpea were dried and analyzed. The chemical composition of 15N and 14N was determined using a mass spectrometer. The samples were then stored prior to 15N isotope analysis. To estimate the N content of each plant, non-legume species were collected and processed the same way as cowpea shoots. This information could be used to calculate the amount of nitrogen-fixing capacity of a legume.

Researchers also evaluated the morphological variation between different accessions of cowpea. They observed significant differences in leaf shape and seed colour. Landraces of cowpea had higher grain yields and higher amounts of shoot biomass. Some landraces even produced flowers with pink and purple marks. But, most cowpea accessions were white. Soil N uptake varied between accessions. Soil N levels varied significantly in cowpea plants.


In late summer, plant cowpea. It grows rapidly and is a good cover crop. It is also known as blackeye, crowder, and southern pea. It grows well in a variety of soil conditions and produces high nitrogen yields. Despite its short growing season, it can still be planted in late summer after danger of frost has passed. Cowpea has a deep taproot that adapts to a wide variety of conditions. The plant’s high nitrogen yields make it a useful cover crop. Its biomass can be reached in 60 to 90 days, and its residue is succulent and easy to compost.

Cowpeas are excellent sources of nitrogen in the garden. Unlike grass lawns, cowpea can be planted in late May and tilled in early August. They can enhance the production of your fall broccoli crop. It also provides nitrogen to other plants and vegetables. Cowpeas are also drought-tolerant, and they can be planted in the last month of May. Cowpea is a good legume to grow for soil fertility, especially if you have a soil with poor drainage.

Best nitrogen fixing plants for vegetable gardens and food forests

Gardening – The Best Way To Care For Your Garden Soil


There are many ways to take care of your garden soil, but these tips should help. Adding a large amount of compost at every cultivation is an excellent way to improve the health of your soil. Other techniques to improve your soil are planting in raised beds, using mulch, and rotating crops every planting season. All of these strategies will help you get the most out of your garden soil and produce beautiful and healthy plants. But which ones should you follow?

Add Lots Compost At each Cultivation

If you want to improve the quality of your garden soil, adding tons of organic matter to it is vital. Compost is an excellent source of nutrients and organic matter. You can make your own compost at home by mixing disease-free vegetable waste with lime-fertilizer mixture. You should add a few pounds of fine limestone to it as well, which will accelerate decay and improve the fertility of the soil.

You can make compost at home or purchase finished compost from landscape supply companies. Composted soil is a good way to improve your garden soil and increase beneficial organisms. Compost adds nitrogen, which plants need for healthy, green growth. Compost comes in different conditions, with newer compost taking longer to break down. Older compost has more nutrients available to plants. It’s also more effective for landscape areas and lawns than synthetic fertilizers.

Protect Soil With Mulch

Organic mulch is an excellent choice for enhancing the soil and weed control. It prevents weed seeds from germinating and adds nutrient-rich organic matter to the soil. While many gardeners do not use mulch enough, this natural product is a great way to improve your soil’s drainage and prevent weeds from taking over your garden. Mulch is also useful for reducing hand weeding and cultivation work, since it acts as a natural weed-control tool.

It prevents soil from crusting, which can lead to erosion or runoff. This happens when water flows over a crusted area, carrying particles of topsoil and excess fertilizer with it. It also makes the soil more susceptible to wind erosion. Additionally, mulching protects the soil from pounding rain or hail, two elements that can cause serious damage to your plants. Aside from preventing erosion, mulching also improves the appearance of your landscape.

It helps to control weed growth and regulates temperature. A good mulch layer can also discourage weeds, while helping to suppress weeds. It also makes harvesting vegetables much easier, since mulched veggies don’t bruise easily from soil splashed on them. It’s easy to protect your garden soil with mulch, and it will improve the curb appeal of your home. If you’re not sure whether mulching is for you, get in touch with a Certified Master Gardener to learn more.

Plant In Raised Beds

The benefits of planting in raised beds go far beyond those of traditional gardening. Healthy raised bed soil infiltrates the subsurface more deeply than the surrounding surface. You can plant plants that are not easily damaged by harsh climates and don’t need much water to thrive. Also, if you’re building on hardscape, you won’t have to worry about contaminating the ground surface.

For plants that need high-nitrogen levels, you can add organic matter like compost to the bed. Adding compost will improve the soil’s nutrient content, while improving its moisture retention. Another natural and organic material to add to the bed is perlite. Perlite is a lightweight organic material that provides incredible drainage. This means that you can use it as top dressing for your garden soil.

Another benefit of raised beds is that they require less maintenance. Because of the elevated design, they are shaded from sunlight, making weed control easier. Raised beds are also easy to line with hardware cloth or poultry wire to keep pests out. Bird netting is also easy to cover, and the narrow dimensions make it easy to add an overhead frame for frost protection. If you’re building a raised bed for your vegetable garden, consider planting some plants that thrive in cooler temperatures. This way, you can grow your produce without worrying about aphids and other pests.

Rotate Crops Every Planting

In addition to improving the health of your soil, rotating crops also helps to minimize the buildup of insects and disease pathogens. Common overwintering pests, such as maggots, grubs, and wireworms, can invade your plants if you don’t rotate your crops regularly. Rotating crops by family will minimize the chances of pests and disease pathogens from infecting your plants. Interestingly, many pests and diseases are family specific, and rotating crops each year can help keep pest populations under control.

One of the best things you can do for your garden is rotate your crops every three or four years. Rotating crops can help prevent a buildup of pests and disease and can also optimize space in your garden. Moreover, it is easy to do. Even small gardens can benefit from rotating crops. Hence, it is important to follow this practice to enhance the quality of your soil and increase the yield of your crops.

Grow Cover Crops And Green Manure

You may be surprised to learn that growing cover crops can help you care for your garden soil. In addition to preventing weeds and providing nutrients for plants, these crops also provide an extra boost to your soil’s fertility. Green manure is an excellent source of organic matter and can improve the composition of your garden soil. The process of growing a green manure crop is quick and easy, but reaps huge dividends. Farmers commonly apply traditional manure to their fields, but the bright green color of cover crops can have the same effect.

A good cover crop to plant in the summer is buckwheat. You can purchase buckwheat seed at your local nursery and plant it in vacant garden beds. When mowing, weed eating, clipping, or harvesting, wait for the plant to flower. You can then fork the seed into the soil. Afterwards, your garden will look great! It’s important to choose plants that are fast-growing, tender, and easy to care for.

Add Aged Animal Manure

When adding aged animal manure to garden soil, you need to be sure it has been properly decomposed. This organic material is too hot to apply directly to the soil and must be allowed to age for several months. This will reduce the risk of burning plants and the roots. There are several ways to properly decompose aged manure for use in the garden. Listed below are some of the ways to properly decompose manure in your garden.

Applying manure too fresh may have adverse effects on the plants. In excess, it will result in big, green leaves and a small number of flowers and fruits. Furthermore, too much nitrogen will dehydrate the plants rapidly and can cause the soil to smell. The manure can also harbor parasites and e. coli or tapeworm. Some sources of animal manure are contaminated with salts, which are easily eliminated through prolonged exposure to the elements.

plant nitrogen-fixing plants

Incorporating nitrogen-fixing plants in your landscape can help restore depleted soil and prevent future problems. In addition to being useful for your garden, they’re also beautiful. Horticulturist Karen Beaty of the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center in Austin says: “There are many benefits to nitrogen-fixing plants in your landscape, from improving the overall health of your soil to adding beauty and variety to your space.”

One of the most important benefits of using nitrogen-fixing plants in your garden soil is their ability to capture atmospheric nitrogen and fix it into plant-available forms. They do this through a symbiotic relationship with bacteria in the soil. These bacteria live on the roots of nitrogen-fixing plants, which store the gas in nitrogen nodules in their roots. As a result, plants release very little usable nitrogen into the soil. Furthermore, plants only release a small amount of usable nitrogen into the soil before dying. The good news is that when you’re harvesting a dead plant, you can compost it into the soil, thereby using it as a natural fertilizer.

If you’re looking for a great plant to add to your landscaping, you can try crimson clover. This nitrogen-fixing plant is ideal for both fall and spring planting. It’s also gorgeous in its own right, and its velvety appearance makes it an ideal addition to a garden’s landscape. A touch of crimson clover will liven up an otherwise drab environment.

Use No-Till Or Use No-Dig Practices

Traditional tilling methods generate more weeds than no-dig methods do. They also take more time and potentially steal nutrients from your plants. But no-dig methods don’t create more weeds – they actually improve the soil’s health and structure! No-dig gardening is a much healthier option for garden soil, which will be able to retain water and resist erosion. It will also result in fewer weeds, since the seeds will not be brought to the surface. It also means that the plants will have a better chance of producing food per square metre.

No-till gardening does require more work than traditional gardening, but there are some advantages. In the early stages, it requires more time. Ideally, you should plan for your planting season well ahead so you can let nature prepare the top surface for your plants. It will also become easier over time. However, it will take some trial and error to perfect this method. The benefits outweigh the risks.

Soil Health: How to Improve Your Soil

Gardening – How to Make a Hugelkultur Mound


Building a Hugelkultur mound in your garden can be a fun experiment. You can start by building a mound of rotting wood and plant some vegetables on top. As you watch the growth of your plants and the size of your mound, you can see how effective it is in helping your plants thrive. Here are a few helpful tips to make the process go as smoothly as possible.

Composting in place

If you are considering building a hugelkultur mound for your garden, it is crucial to use wood as a base. It is not advisable to use cedar, cherry, or black walnut wood, however. If you are building your mound from scratch, make sure to avoid wood that is old or treated with chemicals and toxins. Instead, use new wood or other biomass, such as grass clippings and sods. It is also a good idea to add mushroom spores to wood that is not rotten.

The basic method of building a hugelkultur mound for your garden is to combine woody debris with compost. If you don’t have any wood, you can purchase a pile and mix it with topsoil, compost, and other compostable materials. Since hugelkultur beds do not require tilling, the woody debris underneath will decompose and provide nutrients to your garden.

For a Hugelkultur mound for your yard, you should start by building the mound in the fall. Make sure to use wood with a height of eight to 12 inches. The wood will act as a natural nutrient source for your soil, and will reduce your watering needs. You can also build the beds taller than usual, so that you can harvest more food during the growing season. Moreover, the higher the mound is, the more water it will retain.

A Hugelkultur mound will last for several years, or even a decade. It will gradually reduce in height, and will eventually become a shallow bed with soil at the bottom. Because of this, it is a great choice for gardens with perennial edibles and fruiting shrubs. If you can’t decide on a planting scheme for your garden, hugelkultur beds are a smart solution.

Grass clippings as a source of nitrogen

Incorporating grass clippings as a source of nitrogen in a Hugelkultur mound is a great way to use yard waste as a natural fertilizer. Grass clippings break down over time into a rich nutrient-dense humus. A Hugelkultur mound can be used to grow various plants, including cucumbers, watermelon, and vining plants. By incorporating this organic material into your garden, you’ll be able to recycle and reuse your yard waste for a good cause.

The use of grass clippings as a source of nitrogen in a Hugelkultur mound may seem counter-intuitive. First of all, wood contains compounds that can be absorbed by plant roots. By utilizing grass clippings, you’re providing the fungi with plenty of material to feed on. In turn, the wood breaks down and returns the nitrogen to the soil.

Grass clippings as slurry are a great source of nitrogen for a Hugelkultur bed. They can be used year after year, and the soil will take care of the plants. You should also consider adding a worm farm to your hugelkultur mound for added benefits. In addition to grass clippings, you can use manure, urine, or other organic matter to provide your Hugelkultur mound with a strong source of nitrogen.

You can experiment with Hugelkultur by creating a Hugelkultur mound using rotting wood. Then plant vegetables on top of the mound and monitor how they do. You can then repeat the process with fresh manure and a bigger bed. The results will be amazing! You’ll be amazed at how quickly your vegetables grow! And you’ll also be able to tell which plants are healthier and more productive than those that weren’t grown in your Hugelkultur.

Woody debris as a structure

Using woody debris as a structure for a humulkultur mound is an excellent way to convert inhospitable ground into a growing system. Woody debris can come in various forms, from chipped logs to the bottom layer of an old woodpile. Even power companies drop loads of wood for this purpose. This type of construction is beneficial for many reasons.

In addition to decomposing wood, massivelkultur mounds also serve as a source of nutrient-rich soil. Moreover, this type of soil heats up much faster than traditional gardening beds, so they’re perfect for growing heat-loving plants. In addition, it’s good to keep in mind that Hugelkultur mounds don’t provide full sun to the plants that grow on them. Hence, if you want to grow crops that need cool weather, you’ll want to avoid using this kind of ground.

Decomposing wood is beneficial for plants because it retains water and is drought-resistant. Woody debris is excellent for growing vining plants, such as cucumbers and watermelon. Besides the soil benefits, hugelkultur is also a good way to reuse biomass waste. A newly made hugelkultur mound will be a great source of organic matter. In addition to decomposing wood, decomposing yard byproducts can also be used as a structure for a hugelkultur mound.

After the first year, you don’t need to water your humus-rich beds. In fact, the water-retaining qualities of Hugelkultur beds are not only impressive, but they’re also easy on the budget. After a year, a Hugelkultur bed doesn’t require watering, and the heat produced from the log breakdown keeps the soil warm and protects plants from frost in colder months.

Live wood as a fuel source

One way to make a hulgelkultur bed is to burn wood. Wood has a large amount of energy, and burning it releases that energy into the soil. Decomposing wood releases energy as well, but the process takes months or even years. The energy released by burning wood in a hulgelkultur bed is used to create heat that stimulates root growth and prolongs the growing season. Live wood is also a renewable fuel source, which is why chickens are popular as a source of wood.

When constructing a hulgelkultur mound, you should first dig a trench to put the base logs or stumps into. When finished, you can add sod on top of the base logs or stumps, and create a footing for the mound. You may also choose to dig a small trench to bury the base logs or stumps in the ground. This will create a stable foundation for the hulgelkultur mound. The base wood should be buried partially in the ground to promote a quick decomposition process.

Many people use live wood as a fuel source for a hulgelkultur mound to add extra nutrients to the soil. It’s also a great way to recycle woody organic matter. Hugelkultur creates a fertile bed and a healthy potato crop in the first year. Live wood can also be used as fuel in an emergency. The best kind of wood for a hulgelkultur mound is alder, maple, poplar, and dry willow. Avoid using treated or toxic wood and choose slightly aged wood.

While the process of making a Hugelkultur bed is simple, the main difference between an ordinary soil and a hulgelkultur mound is the process of burying the woody material. In this method, the bed is partially or completely buried below the ground, and the top layer is sunken. This method of installation allows the bed to retain more water than raised beds.

Planting vegetables on a hugelkultur mound

The hugelkultur gardening technique is an excellent way to grow food and save money at the same time. By building a hugelkultur mound, you can anchor your crops with organic matter. The technique uses rotting logs as anchors and produces nutrients and moisture in the soil. Hugelkultur is an ideal method for gardens with rocky soil, smaller plots or limited time.

Once you’ve built your hugelkultur mound, take a photo of the sun and shade at various times of the day. Take note of any trees in full leaf as they will affect the amount of sun the plants will receive. Then, plan your vegetables accordingly. Some plants grow well on hugelkultur mounds, while others don’t. Avoid planting deep-rooted vegetables and potatoes on a hugelkultur mound. If you really want to plant something with a long root system, plant a small variety.

To make your hugelkultur mound, gather the base logs or stumps and place them in a shallow trench. This way, you won’t have to worry about the roots growing through the top layer. You can even use sod on top of your mound if you like. However, make sure that you water the mound thoroughly before you add the mulch layer. The mulch layer serves two purposes: to hold moisture in the soil and to add nutrients to the soil.

You can plant many types of vegetables in your hugelkultur bed, including rhubarb and Swiss chard. The bed also contains a variety of lettuces for your daily salads. If you’re looking for a more exotic crop, you can also add Belleville sorrel, a French culinary ingredient that’s remarkably cold-hardy. If you’re interested in growing food in a traditional way, however, it can be difficult.


Gardening – No-Dig Gardening Tips


If you want to grow your favorite vegetables or flowers in an organic style, consider using No-Dig Gardening. This style of gardening relies on layers of organic matter to suppress weeds and improve the soil’s health. To get started, follow these No Dig Gardening Tips. We have listed some of our favorite tips below. We hope you enjoy them! Just follow these simple steps, and your garden will look great! We are not promoting any products, just a great way to grow your own vegetables and flowers.

No-dig gardening is a proven way to grow vegetables and flowers

A no-dig garden is a great solution for gardeners with hard ground or a patch of unworkable soil. It eliminates the backbreaking preparation work that comes with digging the soil and preparing the area for planting. This method can also work well for an established vegetable garden. Getting started with this type of gardening requires clearing the area of any debris and trimming weeds to ground level.

No-dig gardening has several benefits. It reduces water consumption and weeding and encourages soil microbes that feed plants by breaking down organic matter. Moreover, the reduced watering and weeding requirements make no-dig gardening a popular choice for small-scale gardeners and urban gardeners. No-dig gardening is an environmentally friendly and easy way to grow vegetables and flowers without a large amount of effort.

No-dig gardening is a proven method of gardening that requires less time and effort. Because it does not require digging, it feeds the soil, controls weeds, and saves the gardener’s back. No-dig gardening mimics the natural ecosystem of the earth, which does not require fertilization and turning of soil. It also helps to reduce the risk of disease and improves soil structure.

No-dig gardening is an organic method that combines the natural processes of the garden with the principles of no-dig farming. In addition to promoting soil health, no-dig gardening promotes stronger plant growth. Consequently, you’ll have less work, fewer weeds, and healthier plants. No-dig gardening also helps the environment by reducing soil erosion, preserving nutrients, and encouraging soil moisture.

It is an organic gardening style

There are a number of methods for growing an organic garden, but a common method is companion planting. Companion plants benefit each other rather than compete for nutrients. This practice can help you reduce pests, while at the same time increasing the amount of delicious produce you can harvest. Basil, for example, deters mosquitoes, attracts bees, and enhances the flavor of tomatoes. Compassionate planting can make your organic garden more beautiful and successful.

Hand weeding is a relaxing, therapeutic activity. Regular weeding can also help prevent large weeds from setting seeds and causing problems in your organic garden layout. You can use a weed identification guide to identify which ones you’re dealing with. While some bugs are beneficial, others will strip your plants of their nutrients and cause damage. There are even pests you can keep an eye out for, such as rabbits and deer.

When choosing which plants to grow, consider the types of soil you have in your garden. Clay soils tend to hold water better than sands, but they can restrict airflow. Sandier soils can benefit from the addition of organic matter. This will improve soil texture and attract healthy soil organisms. Adding organic matter will add a natural touch to your soil and prevent unwanted weeds. You can use manure and fish emulsion.

Organic gardening is environmentally friendly and reduces pollution by cultivating plants without the use of chemicals. It also supports the diversity of the ecosystem in which they grow. It also yields delicious, nutritious produce and reduces water bills. Organic gardening practices also benefit wildlife and other garden visitors. There are many benefits of organic gardening, and the environmental benefit is worth the investment! You’ll be surprised at how many plants you’ll enjoy when you use this method of gardening.

It uses layers of organic matter to suppress weeds

The idea behind no-dig gardening is that no-dig gardeners don’t have to till the ground, which exposes weed seeds and roots to the surface. Because the soil remains soft, young plants can easily penetrate it. Moreover, digging disturbs dormant weed seeds, exposing them to sunlight where they may germinate and grow. This is why no-dig gardening is the most popular method for small and urban gardens.

Using no-dig gardening involves layering organic matter on top of the soil. Organic matter attracts soil organisms, which in turn break down the organic matter in the soil to build a stable structure. Worms love to dig under black polythene and make great compost. Keeping these creatures happy will encourage the growth of healthy plants. No-dig gardening also means you’ll have more time for other garden chores.

No-dig gardening also requires minimal maintenance, with no-dig gardens requiring a 2 to three-inch layer of compost before planting. Because there’s no digging involved, no-dig gardeners save a lot of time. However, no-dig gardeners must maintain their beds. This includes adding a layer of compost every two to three years to keep the soil healthy. You can also increase the fertility of the soil by adding organic materials. Organic materials break down faster when you use less digging and are more biodegradable.

Charles Bailey has documented the trials he’s done in his garden. He uses a pitchfork to turn the soil, leaving some compost on top of the soil. Charles has been using no-dig gardens for seven years and reports fewer slug and mildew problems, and better crop quality. He estimates that his no-dig gardens will produce about 6% more produce than conventional-dig garden beds.

It improves soil health

The first growing season of no-dig gardening is sure to have its bumps and bumpy patches, but do not let that discourage you. The internet is a treasure trove of tips and tricks, so get started by planting a small area that is a few feet square and a couple inches deep in compost. You’ll spend much less time and energy maintaining a small area and will reap just as much harvest as a bigger space. No dig gardening also promotes soil health, because no-dig gardening helps to improve the soil.

The best way to bring soil life is by adding organic matter to the top layer of straw. This organic matter will attract soil organisms and build a permanent structure. Not only will this result in improved soil health, but it will also encourage plant health. No-dig gardening will also bring your soil to life and keep it thriving. To do this, add compost every year, or use green wood pruning as mulch. While composting is beneficial, use caution and follow the instructions carefully to avoid causing problems for your plants.

A no-dig garden requires a lot less compost than a standard garden. This will add to the soil’s fertility, and weeds won’t thrive in the absence of weeds. As a bonus, no-dig gardening will also allow you to grow a wider variety of plants and vegetables than you would with traditional gardening. And since no-dig gardens are organic, you’ll save money on compost, too!

It is easy to maintain

No Dig Gardening is a method of planting where no digging is necessary. You simply pull back mulch, making a small pocket to plant your seeds or seedlings. Water the bed thoroughly and check it regularly for firmness. In addition, you can mix seaweed extract with water to give the soil natural minerals and enhance the health of your plants. No Dig Gardening is ideal for all seasons and is one of the easiest gardening methods.

Charles compares soil to an organism and says that healthy soil does not foster weeds. In fact, he cringes whenever he has to harvest root crops, so he avoids digging them up. He believes that disturbance forces the soil into recovery mode upsets the natural balance, and provides the perfect breeding ground for weeds. The No-Dig Gardening method keeps paths in the garden weed-free and drains well during heavy rains.

No Dig Gardening is a great way to eat fresh vegetables and fruits. No digging is an easy way to feed your soil, reduce weeds, and saves your back. No Dig Gardening is an easy way to plant, grow, and maintain a garden of any size. No Dig Gardening promotes healthy soil and healthy plant growth, which means that you will be spending less money on fertilizer and pesticides. This system also provides your plants with more soil moisture, which is crucial for healthy growth.

Tips and Tricks of No Dig Gardening

Gardening – How To Use Cardboard As Mulch In Your Garden


You may wonder how to use cardboard as mulch in your garden, especially if you’ve never tried it before. There are a few ways to do this, including using a box cloche, Box mulching, or Sheet mulching. If you use cardboard, make sure to spread it evenly in layers of at least two inches. Alternate one-inch layers of manure and organic matter, and then apply a final layer of mulch to the cardboard. This protective mulch will keep your cardboard from drying out too much.

Corrugated cardboard

Many gardeners and landscapers are searching for eco-friendly, cheap weed control methods. Weeds can be a constant threat to gardeners, but using corrugated cardboard to cover the ground is an eco-friendly alternative. This weed-control method is more effective and gentle on the environment than synthetic fabric or plastic. Chemical sprays are also more harmful to the environment than corrugated cardboard. Listed below are some of the benefits of corrugated cardboard as mulch.

If you use brown corrugated cardboard as mulch, it will retain water better than other types of mulch. An 8-cubic-foot core of corrugated cardboard will retain 45 gallons of water, whereas a 56-cubic-foot core of the material would hold 56 gallons of water. In addition, it will be biodegradable without harming the soil. While many organic gardeners do not use cardboard as mulch, many people use it to protect their garden from weeds.

A simple solution is to place the cardboard directly on the soil or grass. To prevent weeds from growing through the cardboard, make sure to overlap the seams by four inches. You can also use extra cardboard to cover the flaps of the box. If possible, soak the cardboard in a garden hose beforehand to make it heavier. The water will help the corrugated cardboard decompose faster. Afterwards, it will provide additional nutrients to the soil.

One great benefit of using corrugated cardboard as mulch is that it can serve a dual purpose. The cardboard will act as a barrier between weeds and soil. Once the dead weeds decompose, they will biodegrade in the cardboard, releasing carbon to the soil. This is a natural process that will take approximately six months. Besides serving a dual purpose, corrugated cardboard is an easy way to combat weed problems.

Another benefit of using corrugated cardboard as mulch is that it is recyclable. Aside from smothering weeds, it also helps the soil retain moisture. Cardboard is an excellent method of creating pathways for a vegetable garden. By providing a nutrient-rich surface for earthworms, it will also provide a good environment for beneficial bacteria to thrive. You can also use it as a path between garden beds.

Box cloches

Gardeners can make their own box cloches for protecting their plants. These containers are made of glass or plastic and can be used for individual plants or to cover entire beds. Corrugated cardboard boxes have two layers of linerboard and pleated sheets, which trap cold air. The resulting structure protects plants from cold weather and extends the picking season. This is a great way to reuse unused cardboard, and it’s completely free!

Box cloches for protecting plants are lightweight and can be staked in the ground so that they do not blow over. The covers are a temporary solution to cold-weather gardening, and they should be used early enough in the morning to catch the morning sun. If temperatures are expected to rise, they should be vented to allow air to circulate and prevent the cover from blowing away. This way, the cloches can provide protection for the plants from light frost.

When using cardboard as mulch, make sure to choose plain, unpainted, non-glossy paper. You can also use egg cartons or plain brown cardboard. Cardboard takes three to six months to break down. This timeframe depends on its thickness and the conditions under which it is placed. If the cardboard is kept moist and warm, it should break down in three months or less. Worms will help break down the cardboard.

If you’re using corrugated cardboard as mulch, make sure to cut along the seam to keep it from blowing away. A corrugated cardboard box will retain moisture and can decompose into fertilizer for your soil. You’ll need to water the cardboard well after it is laid down, and you need to lay it on the ground with its flaps covered with extra cardboard. Another important step in using cardboard as mulch is to soak the cardboard with water, which will also help weigh it down.

The cardboard can be shredded and used as mulch. It serves as a barrier between the soil and the weeds that invade it. The cardboard will decompose with the soil, creating an excellent surface medium for the next year’s garden. In addition, it is a free mulch that can be used in your garden without digging. If you want a no-dig garden, you can use cardboard along with bark chips or compost as your mulch. It will break down over time, killing weeds and creating a great soil for your plants.

Sheet mulching

One of the easiest ways to improve the look and texture of your garden beds is to mulch them with sheet mulching. This technique requires minimal effort and requires minimal maintenance, but it does require a lot of upfront planning. Sheet mulching involves layering cardboard, compost, and mulch with a certain amount of overlap. To get the most out of your mulching project, be sure to get enough material to cover the area in which you plan to mulch.

You can use newspapers to layer the carbon and nitrogen layers in between the layers of cardboard. Newspaper is prone to being blown away in the wind, so make sure you wet it before you apply it. Afterwards, use a pointed trowel tool to pierce the top layer of cardboard. Once this layer is complete, you can continue the process. Once you are done, repeat the process until all the cardboard layers are covered.

To plant a new plant in the area covered by cardboard, cut a hole in each sheet. Once the layer has decomposed, it’s time to plant it. This usually happens five to six months after mulching. Once the cardboard has decomposed, the area is ready for planting. Then, cut the layers in half and plant the seeds into the ground. It’s important to make a hole in the cardboard for the roots of the new plant.

Another great use for cardboard is in the garden. It suppresses the growth of weeds, improves soil quality and retains moisture. Cardboard is also compostable, which means that it breaks down over time and is safe for the environment. It can be used for any type of garden, from perennials to connecting areas between trees. It’s important to make sure you remove all tape, labels, and staples from the cardboard before adding it to your garden.

If you’re in need of a low-maintenance way to improve the look of your garden, sheet mulching with cardboard is a great way to transform the area. Use it as an affordable alternative to traditional lawn care. It’s also great for raised beds and framed beds. Consider converting your lawn to a sustainable xeriscape by using sheet mulching. For free cardboard boxes, check your local recycling center. If you’re not able to find any, ask your neighbors to save them for mulch.

Worms love it

Worms are attracted to the materials in our home, and cardboard is no exception. Often used to transport food and drink products, cardboard is often contaminated with juice or other residue. In fact, some cardboard products may even attract red wigglers. If you are looking for an easy way to get rid of these unwanted materials, consider composting them. Worms will eat all sorts of waste paper, including packaging and newspapers.

You can compost cardboard by putting it in a worm bin. Worms like cardboard because it is soft and gives them a comfortable place to live. In addition to providing them with bedding, it also keeps them moist. A thick sheet of cardboard can even act as a tunnel. If you want worms that love to dig and compost, then you can use cardboard as a mulch and bedding material.

You can also use toilet paper tubes as composting material. Just make sure to use non-bleached, uncoated cardboard. This will reduce evaporation and reduce the need for watering. If you’re worried about the cardboard’s moisture content, you can cut it up into small pieces and place it in your worm bin. Corrugated cardboard works best in worm bins because it has ‘flutes’ that allow it to maintain its fluffy texture and airflow.

Cardboard is a very important ingredient in composting. Worms will consume the cardboard and add it to the soil. Additionally, it also adds carbon to the soil. Worms will also draw down grass clippings and use the composted material to produce their casts. This is perfect for your plants. They will even be happy to eat cardboard as mulch! This is great for improving the soil and increasing your worm population.

When composting food waste, remember that your worms need a proper carbon-nitrogen balance. Paper input is an excellent way to achieve this balance. You should also avoid adding too much cardboard, as it will drown your worms or clog your compost bin’s drain screen. In addition to composting food waste, you can also use the worm castings for other uses. For instance, you can use them for composting fruit and vegetable waste.

Cardboard as Mulch – Straight to the Point

Gardening – The Importance of Home Garden Soil Cultivation


Soil cultivation is the process of turning dead, lifeless dirt into a fertile soil for plants. Whether you’re cultivating your own garden or using an established organic farm, there are some tips to help you get the best results. First, make sure that the soil is dry and fluffy. Secondly, it should be less moist than it is now. This is the best environment for seeds to grow. This method is especially useful for planting flowers, herbs, and vegetables.

Soil cultivation should take place in the fall and early spring when the ground is not frozen and waterlogged. It’s best to cultivate the soil too late in the spring, as it may lead to moisture loss. In addition, cultivating heavy clay soil in the fall will allow the frost to break up the soil, which will improve its structure over the winter. For optimum soil cultivation, you should have the soil thoroughly aerated before preparing it for planting.

The most important part of soil cultivation is the preparation. Without proper soil preparation, weeds and other unwanted things will flourish. This involves digging, hoeing, tilling, and turning the earth. The purpose of soil preparation is to allow air and water to penetrate deep into the soil. The microorganisms in the soil need air to grow, so cultivating the land will be helpful for them. A good gardener knows when to start soil cultivation.

Soil preparation is essential for any garden. Whether you’re growing plants for the first time or have been gardening for years, soil preparation is important. It will improve the quality of your plants. Depending on the kind of soil you have, some require little cultivation while others require intensive work. Therefore, it’s important to study your soil in depth and determine the level of improvement it needs. You can even send a sample of your soil to a laboratory for an analysis.

It is best to cultivate the soil in the spring and autumn. The temperatures are optimal for both. It’s not advisable to cultivate the ground in the fall, since the ground will become dry. The best time to cultivate the soil is during the spring. A fertile soil should be cultivated only once every year. It’s important to avoid over-cultivating the land and not to use it as a source of nutrients.

Ideally, soil cultivation should be done in the autumn and early spring, when the ground has not frozen yet or is still not waterlogged. It is important to avoid cultivating the soil too late in the spring because the moisture in the ground will evaporate. It is also important to make sure that the soil is well-prepared for planting. Often, this means removing rocks and sticks that have been buried over the winter. This will make the bed more fertile and healthy.

The right time to cultivate the soil depends on its composition. It should be aerated, free of weeds, and it should be moist enough to allow roots to get sufficient oxygen. The soil should also be aerated so that it can be used for growing plants. Ensure that the soil has good drainage for your garden so that your seeds can grow. If you’re cultivating your garden, make sure that it’s well-drained.

It’s important to know when to cultivate the soil before planting. It is best to cultivate it between the autumn and early spring when the ground is dry but not frozen. This is because it helps the plants grow well. If you are cultivating your garden, you should avoid the colder months, which are usually colder. It is best to let the soil warm up before planting. Then, you can prepare your garden for the winter season by preparing the soil.

It is important to know the right time for soil cultivation. Ideally, you should cultivate the soil between the autumn and early spring. This is the best time for cultivating light, sandy soil. In autumn, the ground will be dry enough to avoid freezing. If you cultivate your garden in the spring, you’ll lose a lot of moisture and need to dig the soil deeper. You can practice soil cultivation even during the winter, when the ground is frozen.

How to Prepare Your Garden Soil for Planting Vegetables in 3 Easy Steps 

Gardening – How to Make Leaves Easier to Compost


Besides cutting down your trees, one way to make leaves compostable is by shredding them. Shredding them can help speed up the composting process. You can also use a string trimmer to cut the leaves, but you must wear protective gear, including eye and ear protection. If you want to compost your own leaves, you should follow the steps mentioned in this article. These steps are essential to a successful composting process.

First, gather all the fallen leaves in your yard and rake them. Ensure that you get the freshly-fallen leaves. This will ensure maximum nutrients in your compost pile. You also need to harvest leaves that are dry. Wet leaves will decrease the air in your pile. Finally, you need to consider the type of nitrogen source you are using. Check out Planet Natural to determine the ratio of nitrogen in common yard waste.

Besides raking leaves, you also need to collect them. You can do this by placing them in a trash bag or a bin. After they are ready, store the leaf compost. You can use this compost for several months. Keep the pile in a warm place so that microorganisms can break down the organic matter faster. Moreover, you can add shredded leaves to the compost when it is finished.

Another way to make leaves compostable is by incorporating shredded leaves. Then, you can bury the pile in a bin. If you have a bin that is too small for the heap, you can use a compost tumbler. This will keep the leaves moist and will help in reducing the mold and mildew. To speed up the process, you can add some coffee grounds. Once you have completed the entire process, the pile will look like a neat, layered heap.

If you are composting your leaves yourself, you can make the process easier by following a few simple guidelines. The first is to find the right amount of ingredients for the pile. Ideally, you should use fresh-fallen leaves, since these contain the most nutrients. In addition, make sure the pile is moist, as they should resemble a sponge. You should also keep the pile covered. By doing this, the pile will be warm and the leaves will compost more quickly.

When composting leaves, you should cover them with a trash bag so that they won’t create a mess. If you don’t have a trash can, you should also cover the pile with plastic sheets to prevent drying and heat loss. By following these tips, you will have a quality compostable leaf pile in your garden. You should also remember to add shredded leaves to the pile to ensure that the leaves are not too clumpy.

The first step in composting leaves is choosing the right leaves. You can compost maple, ash, acorn, cherry, and acorn trees. These trees have a high amount of nutrients and are great for composting. However, you should choose leaves that are low in starch or sugar. They are the best to use as mulch. It is also good for your garden. Lastly, you can use your leaves to make black gold.

There are many ways to make leaves compost. Using a lawnmower to shred them is a good way to accelerate the process. Unshredded leaves can take months to decompose. If you use a lawnmower, you can grind the leaves into tiny pieces. This will increase their surface area, which is ideal for decomposing. It is easy to use and will make the process more efficient.

If you want to speed up the process, you can use a lawnmower. While it can be labor-intensive, this method is worth it if you want a compost that is rich in nutrients. Unlike with other compost materials, leaves are composed of 60 parts carbon to one part nitrogen. By using a lawnmower to shred leaves, you can be sure to get a nutritious product faster.

Super Fast Leaf Composting Trick

Gardening – Vermiculite, And Perlite, What’s the Difference?


The primary difference between vermiculite and perlite is their density. Although both are excellent insulators, their contrasting properties make them unsuitable for plants that need regular watering. You can use either type depending on the conditions of your plants. There are also some minor differences in cost, appearance, and pH. Let’s look at the main differences between the two. Read on to learn more about each.

If you’re planting seeds in a soil with a high pH, using vermiculite is preferable. But if you’re looking for a more acidic soil, a combination of perlite and vermiculite is ideal. In a nutshell, perlite is a better choice for plants that need more moisture retention and drainage. It’s also a better choice for plants that prefer a dry, alkaline environment. If you’re a gardener who loves to experiment with different materials, it’s a good idea to have both materials on hand. With experience, you’ll be able to recognize which situation calls for each.

Perlite is more expensive than vermiculite. Small perlite is more efficient at breaking down chalk and clay. However, a small amount can cost as much as $10 for 10 liters. If you’re a beginner, you can use either type. The important thing is to choose the right type. If you’re just getting started with gardening, then use perlite. In general, you’ll get better results if you mix the two together.

Perlite is a more expensive substance, but it lasts forever. It retains moisture in the soil and attracts good bugs. It is also a better choice for outdoor plants because it helps water drain. Despite the price, the benefits of both substances are similar. You’ll need to decide if you need perlite for your plants or not. But remember to choose wisely based on your specific needs.

The main differences between the two materials are largely based on their use. For instance, perlite is more effective for hydroponics and is better for plants with less water than vermiculite. It also helps plants retain moisture and has higher water-holding capacity. For this reason, both types of perlite are better than their equivalents. It is essential to keep your plants and their roots well-hydrated.

Unlike perlite, vermiculite is the best choice for garden-related uses. It is aerating and moisturizing, while also neutral pH. Both materials can be used in the same way in the same proportion, but mixing them is best for the best results. In some cases, perlite is more beneficial for your garden. If you’re using perlite for your garden, mix it with vermiculite.

Vermiculite holds water more efficiently than perlite, which increases the amount of water in the soil. Unlike perlite, vermiculite is more resistant to bacteria, which means it will be more susceptible to disease and pests. Its higher water-holding capacity makes it a better option for plants that like their soil to be completely dry. But when it comes to plant growth, perlite is better than vermiculite.

Vermiculite can be helpful for planting seeds. It is a natural mineral that is mined from rock. Compared to perlite, it has a lower expanding capacity. It also expands into a flat accordion-like shape. Its pH value is closer to 7.0, allowing it to be used for planting. As the name implies, vermiculite is better for larger pots.

Although perlite is a great aerator, it doesn’t work as a drainage amendment. The best way to improve soil humidity is to use vermiculite. Both kinds are great for aerating soil and are both a good choice for most types of plants. The main difference between the two is that perlite does not hold on to water as well as vermiculite.

The main difference between perlite and vermiculite is that the latter holds more air than vermiculite. This means that both types are effective for soil-retention purposes. For this purpose, a growing medium is better than a porous one that has no cation exchange capacity. As a result, perlite is less dense than vermiculite. Its higher cation exchange capacity is better than it is at holding water.

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Perlite vs Vermiculite

Gardening – Soil, Fertilizer, And Compost


When you’re looking to grow plants, it’s important to understand that fertilizer and compost both feed plants. While some people argue that there is no difference between organic and inorganic fertilizers, this is not the case. Plants do not know the difference between nitrogen that was introduced to the soil via a chemical fertilizer or decomposed leaves. They only know what is in their most basic form, and they don’t know that they’ve been introduced to that nitrogen in two different ways.

What is Soils

If you are wondering what is better for your garden, you may want to read this article. It outlines the differences between fertilizers and compost. While compost contains fewer nutrients than fertilizer, it still contains valuable organic matter. The nutrients it contributes to your garden far outweigh the amount of nutrients it contains. Compost is an organic material that you can work into your soil at a ratio of 1:4.

There are many advantages of compost over chemical fertilizers. First, it’s better for the environment. Secondly, it’s much cheaper to use. Compost is created from dead organic matter. Compost contains beneficial microorganisms that make plants disease-resistant. Second, fertilizer supplies plants with nutrients, while compost replenishes soil nutrients. These two options have different purposes.

Soils contain SOM, a portion of organic matter that helps plants thread their roots through the soil. It also helps with drainage in clayey soils. And, it helps plants utilize the oxygen in the soil. All these factors help to increase the amount of SOM in the soil. Soil organic matter is also part of the soil’s cation exchange capacity. As such, it’s essential to use a combination of fertilizers and compost in your garden.

Soil is a living thing

Soil is a living thing! It holds water, allows gas exchange between land and air, and serves as habitat for most organisms on Earth. Soil is also an important part of farming and construction, and contains many different kinds of organisms. Many people are unaware that soil is a living thing. Here’s some interesting information about soil:

Soil is a living thing! It contains a variety of organisms, including bacteria, fungi, and insects. There are roughly 20 different systems in the soil, each corresponding to an organism. The soil, just like humans, is a complex, multi-faceted living organism. Its diverse range of functions and processes make it a valuable asset for farming, but the soil also contains a lot of other elements and substances that humans and animals depend on.

As a result, soil has different characteristics than other living things. Living things have cells, move around, and reproduce. Plants, however, reproduce through seed. They reproduce through seed, and grow into adults. Non-living things do not reproduce. A living thing has cells, can breathe, and reproduce. It is also composed of water and air, which is essential to growing plants. But if soil does not have any of these characteristics, then it is not a living thing.

Fertilizers Feed Plants

Fertilizers feed plants with nitrogen. The nitrogen in fertilizers makes crop plants grow faster, produce more, and use land more efficiently. In turn, the fertilized land can produce more food, which leads to increased global population. The invention of industrial fertilizers is one of the reasons for this dramatic increase. The population of the Earth doubled between the years 1804 and 1927, and then again from 1974 to 2019.

As reactive chemicals, fertilizers are best stored in dark, cool environments, away from direct sunlight. Heat and light can speed up the reaction of the compounds in fertilizers, so they should be kept properly sealed in containers. Avoid moisture and oxygen, as these can lead to clumping and inhibit the dispersion of the nutrients. If you don’t follow these steps, you will likely waste your fertilizers and your money.

There are two basic types of fertilizers: granular and liquid. Granular fertilizers can be applied to a landscape in a layer and reapplied after a certain amount of water has passed through them. Liquid fertilizers are better able to deliver nutrients to plants more quickly, as they are soluble in water. This allows them to reach the roots more quickly and efficiently. But remember: fertilizers are only as good as their source.

Compost feeds the soil

Compost is a natural organic material that improves the health and fertility of your soil. Compost is typically made from decomposed plant material or organic waste and contains beneficial organisms and plant nutrients. When used as a soil amendment, compost adds nutrients and humus to the soil. The organic matter helps the soil retain moisture, while also promoting the growth of healthy microbes that feed your plants. Compost is an inexpensive way to improve the health and fertility of your soil and reduce expenses on chemical fertilizers.

The benefits of compost go beyond making soil rich in organic matter. Not only does compost feed the soil, it also provides a host of beneficial microbes that help the plants grow faster and healthier. Microbes – the lowest part of the food pyramid – play an important role in soil health, providing plants with the necessary nutrients for a healthy root system. Moreover, these organisms also aid the plant in fending off diseases and other pests.

Green Manure Is A form of Composting

A common approach to green manure involves planting legumes or grains that will serve as a cover crop and break down to add organic matter to the soil. These crops will also improve nitrogen availability in the soil because their roots form associations with soil-borne bacteria. This allows these plants to take up atmospheric nitrogen, which will be available to the next crop. Other legumes that are commonly used as green manures include fava beans, alfalfa, crimson clover, and vetches.

Before using green manure as a compost, make sure you prepare your plot for planting. A simple way to achieve this is to hoe the area for at least 10 days prior to seeding. This will prevent the weed seed from germinating before the green manure is applied to the ground. The seeds will then have a chance to germinate in the ground. If you have a large plot, you can plant green manure in rows about two feet apart to control unwanted weeds. Alternatively, you can cut a green manure crop before it reaches the flowering stage. The stems of the plant will become tougher and woody during the flowering stage. This will make it easier to incorporate into the soil.

Biodegradable Mulch is a form of composting

There are several differences between biodegradable mulch and compost, including their cost and environmental benefits. Biodegradable mulches, which break down to harmless particles after a certain period of time, are more environmentally friendly. In fact, some composts contain up to 100% biodegradable matter. Soil that has composted for several years, for example, is much healthier for the soil than soil that does not have composting processes.

Soil that is productive contains varying percentages of five components: sand, clay, silt, and organic matter. Biodegradable mulches can reduce soil erosion and weeds. Biodegradable mulches help conserve soil moisture and increase soil temperature. Some composts contain a high percentage of bacteria that can harm your plants. Biodegradable mulches also help improve soil fertility.

Some paper and fiber mulches are biodegradable, but there are certain limitations. Some deteriorate rapidly under field conditions. However, others are coated with polyethylene or wax to slow their degradation. These products are costly and may require specialized equipment. Furthermore, they cannot provide weed suppression or soil warming. So, they are not the best choice for all farms and gardens.

Nitrogen-Fixing Plants enrich The soil

Gardeners may have heard of nitrogen-fixing plants before, but did you know that they can also help replenish depleted soil? This group of plants can also be useful in your home garden, as they are both attractive and useful. According to Karen Beaty, a horticulturist at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center in Austin, Texas, the benefits of nitrogen-fixing plants for your garden are numerous.

Two nitrogen-fixing plants are partridge pea and Lindheimer’s senna. Both have yellow flowers and fuzzy pinnate leaves. They thrive in sandy soils and bloom from August to October. These plants also help improve soil fertility in neighboring plants. In addition to their ability to enrich the soil, they are also great for composting. These plants can help you save money and time in the long run.

Many of these plants have a diverse range of uses in the garden. They can be used in small spaces as feedstock for mulches and as an understorey for fruit trees. However, they are not suitable for all climate zones. Herbaceous nitrogen-fixing plants make excellent companions for a number of garden plants. They can be planted next to fruit trees, vegetables and flowers, and still add much-needed nitrogen to the soil.

Composting Fights Soil Compaction

Whether you’re a gardener or are looking for a simple, low-cost way to improve your soil, composting can help. Its benefits extend beyond its environmental impact. Not only does composting reduce the need for synthetic fertilizers, but it also improves the bulk density of soil, an indicator of soil compaction. And compost helps sequester carbon from the soil, returning it to the environment when it is composted.

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What’s the Difference Between Compost and Fertilizer?

Gardening – Benefits of Perlite in Soil


Perlite is a lightweight, porous rock with thousands of tiny holes and cavities in its structure. It doesn’t crumble under light pressure and doesn’t decay, shrink, or cause plant damage. Its high pH keeps it clean and prevents overwatering. Gardeners often use it to improve the drainage properties of soil. Here are some benefits of perlite. Listed below are some of the ways that it helps your garden.

Perlite is used most frequently as part of potting mix for container plants. It is particularly beneficial for tropical or desert plants that need aeration. It helps keep air in the soil, so the plants don’t get too suffocated. Organic ingredients are often labeled as such, but it’s best to check product labels to be sure. They aren’t harmful to your plants.

Adding perlite to your soil is easy and affordable. This natural ingredient is non-toxic and will not change the pH level of your soil. In addition, it is a great addition to clay soils, because it’s so porous. As it retains moisture, it also improves airflow in the soil, which is essential for plant roots and beneficial nematodes to flourish. Another benefit is that it is a natural source of calcium carbonate, making it a good choice for organic gardening.

Adding perlite to your soil will improve its moisture retention. By allowing the soil to breathe better, it allows plants to grow and develop. The fine texture of the material makes it ideal for plant roots. Additionally, it is a great source of oxygen. Using perlite will help your garden soil drain more effectively. In fact, it can absorb up to 10 times the amount of water as other materials, making it a valuable addition for any garden.

The biggest benefit of perlite is its ability to improve the drainage and aeration of soil. It alters the substructure of soil and keeps it loose, which is crucial for a healthy, well-rounded soil. However, it can also have a negative effect on plants, reducing their root growth and quality. This mineral is an important ingredient in a variety of different products, including fertilizers, which are designed to improve the quality of the soil.

Perlite is a great soil amendment because it is a great source of oxygen. Plants use 98% of the oxygen in the air, so the additional 10% of perlite in your garden soil is enough to prevent the loss of valuable nutrients. When you use it as an additive, you’ll increase the airflow around the roots of plants, which is essential for healthy growth. This is the key to a healthy garden.

When used in garden soil, perlite is very useful in potting. It helps soil retain moisture and improves drainage. It also improves the pH of soil, making it more fertile and less acidic. It also allows the roots to grow stronger. It’s an excellent soil amendment for gardeners. Aim to add a layer of perlite to your garden soil is a good way to make your garden a healthy, water-retaining soil.

Perlite is a wonderful soil amendment for gardeners. Its porous nature is a great way to improve the structure of your soil. Its small particles are highly absorbent, so it’s not likely to become a waterlogged mess. If you want to add a layer of perlite to your soil, the right size is two to six millimeters. You can also use a mixture with all three grains to loosen the soil.

Perlite is a great soil amendment. It can be used in seed starting mixtures and potting soils. The grain size of perlite varies, so it’s important to select the right one for your system. It’s best to choose a perlite that’s about 2mm and 6mm. The grain size of peat moss will not settle and will not compact. A small amount of peat moss will loosen the soil.

Gardening – What Does Vermiculite Do in Soil?


Many people are wondering what does vermiculite do in soil. It is a lightweight, flaky mineral that helps your plants absorb water. The best part about it is that you don’t have to worry about adding fertilizer. Just add it to the soil in the proportion of 25% to 50%, and your plants will thank you. When used as a soil amendment, it can reduce watering requirements and increase the speed of seed germination. Unlike other soil additives, it also protects seeds from heat.

The main reason for using vermiculite in your soil is that it can retain more moisture than other additives. It can keep your soil moist without making it too saturated. It helps stabilize the soil’s pH level, which is important for your plants. It can help you avoid surface crusting and puddles. It can also help maintain the correct humidity levels for your plants. But it will soon become exhausted. Because of this, it is often combined with other materials to boost root growth.

One of the best things about vermiculite is its ability to retain moisture. It is great for maintaining the temperature of soil and helps plants offload moisture quickly. Perlite is a great medium for keeping your plants moist. It has a greater capacity to hold water than perlite, making it an ideal medium for keeping seeds moist. But beware: Vermiculite is a finite resource. It is not renewable. As such, you should always purchase the highest quality of vermiculite that you can find in the market.

Vermiculite is a great soil amendment that can make your soil much more aerated. It can increase water retention and promote healthy root growth. You can also mix it with peat or sand to create a lighter growing medium. By mixing it with peat, it can also make your soil a little bit easier to work with. This will make the soil easier to work with and will allow for more root development.

Vermiculite is a natural mineral that can be found in most backyards. The granules are light enough to be mixed with soil, which is a necessity for healthy growth. The mineral holds water in the ground and then drains. This allows the roots to stay moist and prevents the soil from drying out. Another benefit of vermiculite is its ability to promote root growth.

Despite its popularity, it can also have harmful side effects. The mineral can be harmful to plants, and can cause root rot, a condition that can lead to a lot of damage to your garden. It can also be very expensive and is a waste of money if you use it in excess. Because of this, it is better to use a more environmentally-friendly alternative. It will be better for your plants, and your wallet, and will last a lot longer.

Aside from its ability to improve water drainage, vermiculite can also boost humidity. It is best suited for gardens where water is vital. But it can also be added to sandy or light soils to help plants retain moisture. And it is easy to mix it with your soil. It will enhance the health of your plants, and your soil. It’s an excellent source of nutrients. However, if you have a plant that requires a lot of moisture, consider adding vermiculite.

Aside from its positive effects, vermiculite is a great growing medium. It is often used in composts that have coir or peat in them, and it is most commonly used for gardens that require lots of water. It is also effective for retaining moisture, which is vital to the health of your plants. If you are looking for a soil additive, look for one made by Espoma. It is inexpensive and consistent.

Among its uses, vermiculite is best for plants that need moist soil and are sensitive to alkalinity. It is also ideal for seedlings and plants that need a more acidic soil. Additionally, it is good for water-retention, but it’s not the only benefit. If you’re looking to improve your soil’s moisture retention, try using vermiculite in your soil.

the Importance of Vermiculite

Gardening – Tips For Planting Bulbs


Some tips for planting bulbs include keeping the soil loose and weed-free. You can add compost or Bulb-tone to the soil before you plant the bulbs. Then, dig holes about three times their height and cover with mulch, which will help keep the weeds at bay. You can also sprinkle red pepper on the ground to keep rabbits and foxes from eating the newly-planted bulbs. After planting your bulbs, you can enjoy them by spring.

Before planting your bulbs, make sure the soil is warm enough. If the soil is too hot or too cold, the bulbs will not grow. The soil should be around 60 degrees Fahrenheit and cool enough to allow for their growth. However, you should plant them at least two weeks before the first frost to ensure that they’ll survive. If you don’t, the bulbs may not grow and bloom. Instead, you should plant them at least three weeks before the last frost.

When planting bulbs, you should avoid watering them too much. If you don’t feel comfortable watering them, you can use a hose. Then, fill the bulb’s hole with topsoil and wait until it dries. Don’t forget to water the bulbs as soon as possible after planting. If you’re unsure of how to plant your bulbs, consult a gardening expert or ask at your local garden center. They will be happy to help you plant your new bulbs.

When planting bulbs, you need to make sure that the soil is properly prepared for the bulb’s roots. Pull out weeds and loosen up the soil. If the soil is too dry, consider amending it with sand or compost. A healthy soil will ensure a healthy plant. After blooming, your bulbs will store nutrients for the following growing season. You can then water them every few days or so to keep them alive.

Before planting your bulbs, make sure the soil is ready for them. You need to weed the area and loosen the soil. The soil should be free of weeds and have adequate nutrients. It is best to use a soil-amending compost or sand to prevent weeds from taking root. Once the soil is ready, you can start planting the bulbs. If you’re planting in a cold-weather climate, use mulch to protect them from the frost.

In warmer climates, you can leave summer bulbs in the ground. In colder climates, you need to dig up winter-blooming bulbs and store them until spring. Then, you’ll have to plant them again in the same season. During the winter months, they’ll remain dormant and won’t bloom until spring. A good soil pH range is about 6 to 7. During the winter, the soil should be moist and drained well.

After you’ve dug the soil, make sure to rake up mulch to protect the bulbs from rabbits. Then, dig holes approximately two to three times the diameter of the bulb. In addition to mulch, it is best to add compost or bulb fertilizer to the soil where you’ll plant your bulbs. After planting your bulbs, make sure to water them regularly. A well-watered soil will promote healthy growth and flowering.

One of the most important tips for planting bulbs is to choose the right depth. If you plant the bulbs too deep, they may not bloom or be damaged by cold weather. In addition, plant them too shallow and they might not be able to survive the winter. When they sprout, you should plant them two to three times their height. When they reach the same height, you’ll have a greater chance of preventing them from damaging the bulbs.

Remember to plant your bulbs in their preferred season. When the soil is warm, they will grow best. During the winter, you should wait until the temperature is cool to plant spring-blooming bulbs. After the temperatures cool down, you can plant summer-blooming bulbs. In this way, you’ll have them blooming in the same season. Hence, you should be careful when it comes to the time and date for planting your bulbs.

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Tips for Planting Bulbs 

Gardening – Are Paper Towels Compostable


There are also concerns that germs, food, and mold on these disposable products will contaminate clean paper in trash cans, for the same reason we don’t recycle (long-staple) pizza boxes as waste paper. But you might be surprised to know that animal waste (including cat litter), pet trays, and bird and hamster cage liners can also be composted easily. You can throw them away for composting whenever you wash your hands after washing them, washing dishes, or cleaning surfaces that do not contain chemicals. If you dry your hands, wash dishes, or wipe surfaces, you can throw the paper towels into the compost bin.

Alternatively, if you have a composter, you can add paper towels that have been used with soil, water, or plant foods. The paper towels you blow your nose into are also compost-safe if they don’t carry the infectious virus. Add paper towels to the compost mixture as brown or carbon-rich material. So, if you don’t have cardboard or paper scraps in the compost bin, you can use kitchen towels to control the moisture in the compost bin. The only problem is that these paper products can restrict airflow because these small pieces of paper contain material that is excellent at absorbing water.

If you have clean, unused paper towels, they are perfectly compostable and are nitrogen-rich brown organic material that is much better in a compost bin than in a landfill. They absorb water, so many people use them for household cleaning to dry out damp surfaces. As long as you keep a close eye on what your paper towels are made of and what they are used for, you can safely add them to your compost heap. Finally, human or animal waste on paper towels should not end up in your compost as it can transmit harmful pathogens or diseases to anyone who comes in contact with the compost before it is completely transformed.

Paper towels made from 100% recycled materials are best added to the composter, but any type degrades as a carbon ingredient in a properly functioning composting system. The same properties that make paper towels poor candidates for recycling make them suitable for composting – a process that neutralizes germs and turns all those short fibers and dirty spills into affordable, high-quality garden mulch. Composting also creates nutrient-rich soil that we can all use in harsh fertilizers that can seep into local oceans and waterways.

There is a lot of organic household waste at home that you can throw in your compost heap. As you can see, many different types of household waste can be used as compost. While many disposable items end up in the trash can, some are recyclable and/or compostable.

Unlike compostable materials, which can be an intermediate in many products, biodegradable materials are much more popular. Many bamboo towels can be reused up to 1000 times and are completely biodegradable. While these products cannot be recycled, they avoid the practice of cutting down trees and using virgin fibers to create disposable paper products.

Napkins are carbon-based and useful if you have too much green compost in your bin. Usually, it is customary to collect them at the curbside or at any recycling center that collects paper products. Paper trays are also great for composting, as long as they’re not soaked in oil, oil, or grease.

They can be used in composting containers as long as they are not contaminated with substances that are not organic. Even if they weren’t stocked with chemicals, if you used them to clean up chemicals in your home, you still want them not to end up in your compost. Adding them to compost can damage the bacterial ecosystem. Just make sure that only organic products and compostable organics contact the towel.

No need to buy special towels; just reuse shorts, towels, or even baby burp wipes (superabsorbent!). Made from bamboo and built to last over 100 washes, these towels will help keep grime, liquids, grime, bacteria, and grease out of your kitchen. These non-paper cotton towels are handcrafted in the USA by a small family business (use code FORKINTHEROAD to get 10% off!). Natural fabrics You can compost cotton, wool, linen, hemp, and naturally felt if not blended with synthetic materials.

Used coffee filters can also be added to the compost heap, but only simple paper filters. Filters containing materials other than paper, such as plastic sheeting and oil-based inks, should not be used as these can contaminate the entire compost heap. These plastic-lined paper cups can end up in recycling, compost, or straight into the trash, depending on where you live. Coffee Mugs Be sure to check with your municipality’s recycling and composting program to find where takeout mugs fall.

This isn’t really a problem for commercial sites with lots of professionally managed compost. Chemicals in cleaning products, even those that claim to be all-natural, can kill important microbes that compost depends on. Aggressive cleaners can damage sensitive microbes in the compost pile and microbes living in the compost pile.

The first rule is that towels used to remove oil, chemical residues, and grease should not be placed in the compost bin. Typically, schools and airports that have a timetable can do this because towels in commercial toilets are ideal for composting. The idea is to make sure that the towels that have been used as food wipes and contain bacteria are biodegradable.

As recycling plants mix this paper, press it into sheets, and dry it, grease or oil remains on the paper. This grease and oil may have repelled water and will still appear as spots or holes on a new batch of recycled paper.

This also applies to towels that have been used to clean up dog excrement, which may only contain pathogens capable of killing major micro and macro-organisms. In fact, even the ones you use to blow your nose can end up in the trash can if you are not a carrier of the contagious disease. We use them in public toilets to reduce the likelihood of transmitting germs at home for all sorts of cleaning tasks, but when we throw them away after just one use, it seems like a big waste.

Many of these items are not always convenient to remove or clean during the recycling process. Hence, it becomes difficult to process them with these petroleum materials.

Most kitchen waste compost piles tend to be high in nitrates and vegetables. As long as they are only used for food, they can be thrown into the compost bin most of the time. Bacteria and microorganisms inside the compost will feed on the carbon in the towel, as well as food debris or extra liquid absorbed by the towel, so your pile will stay warm.

Is it Safe to Compost Paper Towels?

Gardening – How Do I Compost My Garden in the Fall?


Using compost in the fall is a great way to nourish your soil. It’s also a good way to feed your plants and increase their resistance to diseases. The fall season is an excellent time to add organic matter to your garden. Composted material is an excellent way to energize the soil and boost plant growth. By adding organic matter to your soil, you’ll be able to see a marked difference in your plants’ growth and health in the spring.

A thick layer of compost is necessary for a healthy garden. It’s a good idea to add two or three inches of compost to your beds. You can spread your fall leaves in early fall to help keep weeds down. Another way to create a thick layer of compost is by chipping the remains of fallen fruit and vegetables. This process will break down the material in the spring, making your soil more fertile and devoid of weeds.

You can add as much as 3 inches of compost to your garden. This method will help your soil retain water and stimulate beneficial organisms that live in it. In addition, it will prevent weeds and keep your plants healthy and drought-resistant. This way, you can continue growing in your vegetable garden throughout the fall. If you want to learn more about the benefits of compost, read on! How do I compost my garden in the fall? Please consider these steps.

After harvest, spread your compost around the beds and allow it to mix in with the soil. After a year, the manure will be rich in nutrients. Your spring garden will thank you for it. Soaking autumn leaves in the fall is another way to add organic matter to your soil. This is a good way to use compost in the fall. If you’re unable to get to a compost pile, you can always spread them on your beds and wait until the fall season to use it.

Once your compost is ready, you can add it to your garden beds. In autumn, apply it in your garden bed to help the worms and microbes dig it into the soil. By spring, the compost will be mostly decomposed. You’ll need to wait for a couple of months for it to fully work. Once the fall season starts, you can plant your compost in the garden.

The fall season is an excellent time to apply compost in the garden. It’s the ideal time to do this as the soil is less busy during this time of year. Adding compost to your garden is a great way to renew the quality of your soil. However, be sure to avoid adding it to newly planted seeds. If you’re concerned about the timing, check with your local gardening center for broken bags of compost.

The fall season is an ideal time to add compost to your garden. It is easier to work with soil in the fall. In addition, the fall season is a great time to add compost to your garden. If you’re worried about the amount of materials you need for the compost, you can look for them at a discount store. You can also buy broken bags of compost at your local garden center.

In the fall, you can apply compost to your garden. Simply add the compost to the soil and plants. This will replenish the soil and improve the health of your plants. In addition, you can spread compost to your garden beds in the fall. If you don’t have a garden, consider getting mulch instead of compost. You can also reuse the old compost. This will make your soil more fertile.

You can add compost to your garden anytime. Fall mulch can help your plants get a jumpstart in the spring. You can spread compost around your garden beds. This will replenish the soil and replenish the nutrients. You can also spread compost on top of newly planted seeds and plant growth in the fall. If you haven’t yet incorporated the compost into your soil, make sure to sprinkle it with a layer of mulch.

How to Turn Fall Garden Cleanup into Compost to Enrich Your Soil

Gardening – Why Fall Compost is Important


One of the most common gardening practices is adding compost to the garden during fall. This time of year is more manageable for growing and planting, and it’s a more efficient way to replenish the soil and give your plants the nutrients they need. This is also a great time to add compost to containers. But before you add the compost to your garden, make sure to consider this. Here are some reasons why fall compost is important.

Fall is the best time to add garden compost

Autumn is the best time to incorporate compost into your garden. It is a great time to remove old leaves and stalks, and you can use almost all disease-free plant matter. In addition to fertilizing your plants, compost can also improve the structure of the soil, which helps your plants grow faster. You can use old compost for your new plants, or you can remove it and start a new pile.

The most popular composting method is by adding it to your garden in the fall. There are several reasons for this, including its ability to retain moisture and retain nutrients. For the spring, you can start by composting your springtime vegetables. If you do your fall composting in the fall, your plants will get a jumpstart and flourish. During the winter, you can also mix in small amounts of compost to your existing plants, such as herbs.

Compost can rejuvenate garden soil

Compost is a wonderful way to renew depleted soil. For vegetable gardens, compost is added around the root system of the plants. In addition to adding nutrients, compost is also a great way to make the soil richer. By mixing compost into the soil, your plants get the nutrients they need for a healthy start. When the fall season arrives, the leaves will naturally decay, adding carbon and nitrogen to your compost pile. The resulting compost is rich in organic material that provides your plants with a valuable soil amendment.

By blending compost into the soil, you can add nutrients to the soil that will benefit your garden. You can also add it around your perennial plants for a thick layer of compost. You can also add compost to your plants throughout the growing season. However, this is not necessary for vegetable gardens if they are only grown for their leaves. It’s better to apply a few small amounts of compost to your entire garden, as they can absorb more nutrients from it than vegetables.

It’s not necessary to wait until fall to add compost to your garden. Besides, using compost as mulch for your plants will help them stay healthy and happy throughout the year. It will also improve the structure of the soil, improve drainage, and retain moisture. And because it’s so rich in nutrients, fall compost is an excellent option for powering your plants. In fact, it is one of the most important reasons to compost in your garden.

Composting Improves Garden Health

Composting is essential for a healthy garden. It’s the best time of year to add compost because the garden is at its most relaxed stage. With fewer plants, the soil becomes exposed to air. Therefore, fall compost is very beneficial to the soil. It also makes it easier for you to grow vegetables in the spring. You can also add green bean foliage and corn stalks. This will help you create rich compost.

When you’re adding compost to your garden, fall is the ideal time to do so. The season is ripe for harvesting compostable materials, and leaves are a good place to start. Grass clippings are a good source of nitrogen for your compost pile while rotting leaves can help your garden thrive in the winter. Another reason to add compost is to create rich soil for your plants.

Composting is a good recycle organic waste

Composting is an easy and effective way to recycle organic waste and produce a sustainable product for your garden. The best time to compost in your garden is during the autumn season, and it is a great opportunity to add soil amendments. It will help your soil improve in texture and composition. Once the leaves are brown, they are ready for the compost. The compost will also protect delicate plant stems and discourage weeds.

Composting & Why It’s So Important For The Vegetable Garden

Gardening – Getting Started With Home Composting


Organic matter such as kitchen scraps and even yard clippings make great materials for your own no-fuss home composting. In this way, you can avoid having to purchase commercial compost bins and use your kitchen scraps or yard waste. If you are like many homeowners, it can be tiresome sorting through the piles of organic matter on a regular basis. You might also have trouble disposing of some of the material because of its size or shape. These reasons alone make home composting an attractive alternative to conventional composting.

You will need a variety of different items for your no-fuss home composting project. Of course, you will need some containers that you can keep the organic matter in while it decomposes. These containers can range from small square ones to large greenhouses that can house several composter boxes. Some homeowners compost all their food scraps while others only compost some food scraps.

Compost makers come in many different styles, shapes, and colors. They vary in the amount of time it takes for them to mature. You should choose one that takes a long time to mature and can handle a lot of organic matter. It would be preferable if the compost maker you select has a ventilated bottom to ensure that the bacteria do not die due to excessive heat. It is also preferable that the compost collector has a screen top over a light source to ensure that moisture does not collect inside and become breeding grounds for harmful germs.

Another important aspect of home composting is proper ventilation. You need to make sure that the material within the compost bin does not heat up to dangerous temperatures. Too much heat can kill the beneficial bacteria that actually break down organic matter. It is important that the compost bin is kept at a comfortable temperature.

Home composters come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and capacities. The shape of the container plays an important role. A compost bin with a wide lid will be able to contain more material as compared to a bin with a small lid. You also need to keep the material inside the compost pile well-maintained. You can either use sawdust or organic material in order to cover the material within the compost.

Many people choose to buy ready-made compost bins because they do not want to create their own compost. Preparing compost material on your own may seem tedious and difficult but it is also less expensive. It is also less time-consuming than buying ready-made compost bins. Home composters are also easy to clean. The process of cleaning is simple.

Home composters also come in a variety of capacities. If you want to produce large quantities of material, you can opt for a bigger bin that can house a considerable amount of material. The smaller bin may work fine if you are producing small amounts of material within a short period of time. However, if you are looking to store material over a longer period of time, you will require a larger bin in order to meet your storage requirements.

Once you have decided on the size of the bin you will purchase, you can then pre-heat the material that you will be composting. You can either do this by placing the material directly into the compost heap or by keeping a small insert in the bottom of your compost bin. The insert allows the heat to permeate deep into the material, helping the material to germinate faster. Once the material has reached the appropriate temperature, you can place the lid on the compost bin. This process, known as roasting, releases valuable nutrients from the material and speeds up the process of composting.

Composting for Beginners | The Dirt |

Gardening – How to Heap Compost


Learning how to heap compost at home is a great way to get into the composting business and reduce your expenses. If you have a large yard, you can build a small, portable compost heap in no time at all. If you’re starting out, you should think about building a larger, permanent compost pile as it provides more room for growth. Here’s how to heap compost using two institutions that I know of.

The Green Mountain Compost Institute uses two compost piles – one smaller and one larger – for their classes and lectures. They have been using this method for a few years, and it works well for them. One of their advantages is that there’s no need to purchase a new compost heap; they use the one that was in the house. What’s nice about this method is that they provide plenty of information on how to compost with the Green Mountain Compost Institute website, including how to create a compost heap, how to use the pile, and the different types of materials that can be used for making compost.

In addition to providing information on how to create a compost heap, they’ll also show you how to care for your yard after you’ve finished composting. This includes watering the yard frequently so that the compost will break down naturally without you having to do anything else. They’ll also help you keep the yard free from fertilizer, weed killers, and other chemicals, which can all kill off your plants before they’ve even had a chance to grow. When you’re done with your compost heap, you’ll have more grass in your yard than weeds.

Another way to learn how to compost in your yard is by donating your scrap to the local food bank. There’s a lot of advantage to this method. For one thing, you’ll be able to get a lot of material out of the scraps, which will help the bank with their food drive. You can also earn quite a bit of money from it, and you can choose the different types of food that you want to donate. When you’re done with your compost heap, you can put it to use and sell it to the food bank, which serves as a great donation benefit.

One of the easiest ways to learn how to compost in your yard is to purchase a “How to heap Compost Kit.” These kits will provide everything you need to begin, and they contain everything you’ll need once you’re composting. Most of these kits include instructions for creating the compost heap, as well as instructions for feeding the compost pile. They’ll even provide a couple of recipes for meals you can make while composting, such as a tomato and egg omelet. If you’re looking for an easy way to start composting, these kits are definitely worth looking into.

If you’d rather skip these kits and create your own compost heap from scratch, then you’ll need some materials. You’ll need bags or tins, a box (or several boxes), and a spade or wheel to break down the organic material you’ve gathered. Before you put any of this material to waste, be sure to bag it and label it so you know what it is.

Another important part of composting is proper soil preparation. Before you add any material to your compost heap, be sure to rake the earth and add compostable mulch. Then, after the material has been added, spread it evenly on the bottom of the compost bin or tine. This will help the material stay in place as it breaks down. Cover your compost with a plastic sheet, and then lock in the material until it begins to break down.

Learning how to heap compost doesn’t require a lot of time. The most difficult part is simply gathering all the materials you’ll need and put it together. Once you’ve put in a year or two, you can just set aside the finished compost heap and have the next one done quickly. And the good news? Your efforts will be helping plants in the areas where you live get the nutrients they need to grow.

Gardening – How to Heap Compost

Gardening – How to Feed Garden Soil Naturally


In addition to compost, there are several natural ways to feed your garden soil, including adding bonemeal and greensand. These products come from ancient sea beds and contain potassium, dozens of trace elements, and other important nutrients for plant growth. But these products won’t stimulate plant growth in a big way – they are essential for microbial activity. Here are three ways to feed your soil. You can mix a handful of greensand or bonemeal with the soil before planting your first seeds.

Add Compost

Compost adds to the moisture holding capacity of soil, provides air and nutrients to roots, and increases plant growth. It can be spread directly onto the garden soil or in a thin layer on top. Apply compost over freshly planted seeds to increase the rate of organic matter. Then, water thoroughly, work the compost into the top 6 inches of soil, and then add to the rest of the soil. If you’re adding compost to your garden soil, be sure to consider your plants’ needs and plant accordingly.

When adding compost, remember to avoid using coffee grounds, which are acidic and are not ideal for alkaline soil. Use nutrient-rich compost instead. You can also add manure or compost to your existing garden beds to add nitrogen to your soil. It is an excellent organic fertilizer for flowers, herbs, vegetable gardens, organic lawn care, and houseplants. For more information on how to add compost to your garden soil, read our tips below.

Mulch the Soil Surface

Organic mulch is an excellent way to nourish your garden soil naturally. Using mulch in your garden will increase its fertility and reduce compaction, while also warming the soil in the spring. A thick layer of mulch will also protect your plants from freezing temperatures, which can be devastating to their roots. During fall, you can leave fallen leaves on your beds and borders, as they will serve as excellent mulch for your plants. Fall leaves break down into rich humus, which will add fertility to your soil and return nutrients to your plants.

Organic matter in the soil will aid in water absorption and hold moisture in the soil. Soil with a crumbly structure holds water better and prevents runoff. Moreover, organic matter filters out excess water and prevents wet and dry cycles, so you don’t need to worry about overwatering. To find out if your soil needs some organic matter, you can squeeze it. If it breaks up, hold off till the following week.

Prevent Soil Compaction

Compacted soil hinders plant growth and inhibits the decomposition of organic matter. Aeration helps recycle nutrients and prevents compaction. It prevents water from percolating through soil, causing erosion. Compacted soil in home landscapes is often caused by building construction, repeated use of riding lawn mowers, and off-road parking of automobiles. Pedestrian paths also cause compaction.

To prevent soil compaction, you can improve the bulk density of the soil by adding compost. Organic materials like compost attract soil organisms, which aerate the soil. Compost can be mixed in with soil to an 18-inch depth and applied evenly. For heavily compacted soils, you may need a large amount of compost. In sandy loam soils, you may need to add 25% of the soil by weight. If you are planting in a clay soil, a total of 50% of the existing soil is recommended.

Using cover crops is another way to build better soil. Annual ryegrass and buckwheat are both excellent for building soil and preventing compaction. They also improve drainage and provide important nutrients to the soil. You can mow these crops before they go to seed to avoid compaction. In addition to adding to the soil’s nutrients, cover crops also help prevent erosion and prevent compaction.

Rotate Crops Every Planting

Rotating your crops every planting is one of the easiest ways to increase the productivity of your garden and feed the soil. This simple method reduces the likelihood of disease, weeds, and pest infestations, and makes it easier to grow more difficult crops. Crops that smother weeds are more likely to survive and thrive. Crop rotation also helps to prevent overwintering pests from finding food, which is a key benefit of crop rotation.

When choosing crops for your garden, make sure to consider the type of nutrients that each plant needs. Some types are heavy feeders, while others require little or no nutrients. Heavy feeders include corn, lettuce, broccoli, tomatoes, and cucumbers, which all require high levels of nitrogen. You should consider substituting these plants with ones that need less nitrogen, such as legumes. Legumes do not need to be pulled in the fall because their roots decompose into the soil.

For larger gardens, rotating crops by family is recommended. Large gardens may need a more extensive approach, so it is better to plant a different type of crop each planting. In addition to limiting the number of crops you can grow, rotation also helps to prevent the development of soil-borne diseases and pests. However, you can still benefit from fertilizer if you have a large garden.

Grow Cover Crops

A summer garden is the perfect time to plant a few rows of buckwheat. It can be purchased locally as seed and planted in empty beds. Once the buckwheat flowers, it is time to mow, weed-eat, clip and harvest the plants. When the cover crops are finished flowering, harvest and fork the seeds into the soil. Afterward, they will decompose naturally in the soil for two to four weeks.

A variety of legumes can be used as cover crops, ranging from sweet peas to wheat. These fast-growing forage plants are known for fixing atmospheric nitrogen and attracting beneficial insects during the flowering season. They also disrupt disease cycles. Many legumes can be purchased pre-inoculated with Rhizobium bacteria or you can plant them yourself. Common legume species include cowpeas, crimson clover, and red clover.

Another option for winter-protected beds is buckwheat. It can be planted as early as late summer. Buckwheat can also be planted in areas where crops have already been harvested. Then, once the buckwheat plants have grown to maturity, you can till them into the soil in the spring. Red clover, on the other hand, should be planted later in the fall or winter. Red clover will die during the winter but attracts bees and other beneficial insects.

Add Aged Animal Manure

A key step in adding aged animal manure to garden soil is knowing when and how to use it. When applying manure, it should be applied to the soil at least one year before planting a crop. Then, wait 90 days before adding other crops, and repeat the process at that point. This will help your plants get the nutrients they need to grow well. Besides the healthy soil, manure is also a great source of nutrients.

Before adding manure to your garden, make sure that it has been composted. When manure has not been composted, it is considered “hot” and contains a lot of urea nitrogen. It may burn the roots of plants. Hence, you must choose the type of manure you plan to add based on the type of plants you intend to grow. However, it is important to note that not all types of manure are appropriate for home gardens.

plant nitrogen-fixing plants

If you want to grow healthy, thriving plants, you can add more nitrogen to your soil by growing a variety of nitrogen-fixing plants. These plants have special microbes that help them break down atmospheric nitrogen and release it into the soil. In turn, your plants will use this nitrogen to grow and flourish. In order to benefit from this soil-nutrient addition, you should be growing these plants before they flower.

The best way to incorporate nitrogen-fixing plants into your garden soil is to till them in after harvest. They release nitrogen into the soil when they decompose, which will eventually be used to produce fertile humus. Some nitrogen-fixing green manures are legumes, which are perfect for tilling into the soil. Alternatively, you can sow them beneath your vegetables to make the most of them.

Another way to feed your garden soil naturally is to rotate legumes through your crop rotation scheme. This is commonly done on farms, and farmers use leguminous nitrogen-fixing plants as green manures. Home gardeners can also follow a similar strategy. They can rotate legumes with other plants during the growing season. In addition, you can plant herbaceous nitrogen-fixing plants in your fruit tree guild, forest garden, or ground cover crops.

Minimize Tilling Or Use No-Dig Practices

If you’re trying to avoid the costs and work of chemical fertilizers, you can also feed your garden soil naturally by minimizing tilling and using no-dig gardening methods. No-dig methods involve applying compost to the area you’re planning to plant. By spring, this compost will have broken down and is available for your plants. This method also requires less effort, allowing you to plant earlier.

If you’re planting perennial trees and shrubs, the no-dig process will slowly transform your garden soil. In fact, in a few years, you may not need to till the soil at all! No-dig practices help build soil naturally over time, much like the process of ecological succession did in the forest. While no-dig practices require less digging, they also help your garden look more beautiful and healthy.

Worms are a fantastic addition to a no-dig garden. Not only do they aerate soil and move nutrients around, but they also create worm castings – or worm poop. Native earthworms can be placed in raised beds or in-ground gardens. If you don’t have a garden, you can simply throw some worms into the area.

How to Feed Garden Soil Naturally

Gardening – How To Compost Fall Leaves? Use Your Backyard For A Home Composting Station


So, how to compost fall leaves? There are two primary ways to make leaf compost – either through the use of a commercial composting system or through the use of composting leaves and sticks. There is an added bonus to composting leaves and sticks – they will provide additional nutrients to your garden in the form of worm castings, which can then be used as organic fertilizer.

Leafy vegetables such as turnips, beans, squash, carrots, and broccoli are good candidates for composting. Most leafy vegetables have large, even surface areas to allow for complete decomposition. There should be no visible soil between the leaf surfaces. You may also want to check your local health department’s website if you have any questions about leaf composting.

To begin, remove all leaves from the garden or flower bed. These should be arranged in a pile on the bottom and inside tightly sealed bags, loosely covered with newspaper. Leave the bags in the sun for several days before opening the first one. This will let all the air out while removing decaying matter from the leaves.

When you open the first bag, your pile should look a bit like this: paper, straw, cellulose, peat moss, and (sometimes) vegetable peelings. All of these items will decay over time, providing valuable nutrients to your compost. Your goal is to have a fine, crumbly mulch. Discard any broken or missing materials, but keep intact those that are intact and in use. If your compost is comprised mainly of these types of leaves, be sure not to throw away the paper bags – they will continue to decompose and release valuable nutrients into the compost.

To know how to compost leaf falls correctly, you need to know how to decompose plant materials. The process is similar to composting other types of organic matter, such as grass clippings or fallen leaves. Composting these types of organic materials releases useful nutrients back into the soil, which your plants and crops will greatly benefit from. This will help the garden maintain a healthy environment, and in return, you’ll reap the rewards of a healthy, nutrient-rich soil.

How to compost leaf falls can be accomplished in a number of different ways. Some people turn the leaves into mulch by crushing them, then placing them into bags, sealing the bags, and leaving them outdoors to dry. This may sound like an effective way to handle the problem, but if you’ve ever used this method with unseasoned leaves or empty coffee cans, you know it’s not very efficient. The wet leaves will attract moisture from the air and composting wouldn’t take place.

Another common way to compost leaf remains is by using a vase or wooden bin, covered with soil, leaves, and gravel, allowing the compost to pour into the container. This method can be very effective if you have a really well-designed compost bin, but most folks are simply unable to find one that fits properly. If you want to compost leaves alone, you can do so in your own yard. Simply pile up wet leaves into a pile, cover, and let them pile up for a couple of weeks. Once your compost is complete, simply rake the dirt away from the compost and spread it into your garden.

You’ll notice an immediate increase in your compost production, and the quality of your soil will start to improve. The beauty of composting is that you’re constantly adding to your garden’s organic matter, and it’s a very environmentally friendly solution to your problem. So, how to compost fall leaves? Just follow these simple steps, and you’ll have the answers to all of your questions.

Gardening – How Can Fall Leaves Be Used As Mulch?


You can use fallen leaves as mulch, compost, or shredded leaves. But time constraints often prevent you from mulching your yard. Then what can you do? What’s the best way to use these natural materials? Read on to learn about the benefits of using leaves as mulch. You can also use them to improve your soil. Soil amendment is the best way to use fall leaves. Regardless of what you choose, they will provide the soil you need for a healthy, flourishing garden.

Leaf mold

If you want to use fallen leaves as mulch, you should rake them up and remove any sticks. You can also shred the leaves with a leaf shredder, garden vacuum, or mulching attachment on a lawn mower. A large pile of leaves will hold more moisture and heat than smaller ones. To make sure that your leaves don’t blow away, cover the pile with a tarp or windbreak. You can fluff the pile to increase air circulation. The finished product should be dark and earth-like and odorless.

Using leaf mold is not necessary for every garden, however. If you don’t have deciduous trees in your garden, you may struggle to produce it. Also, this method takes a year or more to develop. If you’re in a region with cold winters, you’ll want to use a thicker mulch to retain heat. However, leaf mold is a beautiful mulch that won’t require digging in at the end of the season.

Unlike regular mulch, leaf mold is entirely organic and will improve your garden’s soil. It helps hold more water and protects roots from cold weather. The best part is that you can make leaf mold at home with only a few ingredients. And you don’t have to buy any expensive chemicals to make this organic material. Adding this to your compost will give it a natural boost of nutrition and moisture. Leaf mold can also be left on your lawn for more decomposition.

Leaf mulch

Using shredded fall leaves as mulch on your garden can provide many benefits. Leaf mulch can keep the soil cool and warm, prevent weeds from growing, and even contribute nutrients to the soil. It can be used in flower beds, vegetable gardens, tree and shrub beds, as well as in containers. You should shred leaves before using them as mulch, and allow them to dry completely before adding them to your garden. Shredded leaves will decompose faster and are easier to work into the soil.

To get the best results from shredded leaves, shred them by hand or with a leaf shredder. Shredding leaves in this way will produce a darker mulch. You can leave them whole, but this won’t produce as good a mulch. If you want a darker mulch, you can turn the leaves once a month with a pitchfork. This process will produce a humus-rich product, called leaf mold.

Fall foliage is full of great benefits. Fall foliage can act as a mulch, enriching the soil and locking in moisture, and protecting your plants from the harsh winter weather. When you use leaves as mulch, you won’t have to pay for wood mulch again! It’s also a greener, cheaper and renewable resource. Just think about the many benefits! If you’re not sure what to do with the leaves, try these tips:

Leaf compost

If you have a small yard, you might be wondering how to use fall leaves as mulch. Fall leaves are rich in nutrients, and they can also act as a natural fertilizer for your garden. Leaves have a high carbon content, so they are perfect for composting, mulching, and lawn fertilizing. And they are completely free! You can even shred your leaves with a mulching lawnmower!

The first step in using fall leaves as mulch is to collect them. You can use a leaf blower or a leaf rake to gather leaves and pack them away for use in spring. Once you’ve collected the leaves, use them as soon as possible. Otherwise, they’ll begin to rot and will smother your grass. You can also give them away to local gardeners. Once you’ve gathered enough, you’re ready to use them!

Leaf mold can be made from autumn leaves. This is different from ordinary compost because leaf mould is created by piling up leaves with a high carbon content, but no source of nitrogen. The result is a natural mulch for your garden that is perfect for use around shrubs and trees. Leaf mold improves soil texture and helps kick-start the soil’s microbe ecosystem. Leaf compost is a mixture of high-carbon and high-nitrogen content, making the best use of fall leaves’ limited nutrient content.

Shredded leaves

Fallen leaves are a great source of organic matter that can be used as mulch. It’s inexpensive and environmentally friendly to use, unlike wood or synthetic mulch. Besides offering plant nourishment, leaves can help prevent soil erosion. In addition to reducing your environmental footprint, leaves can also be added to compost piles as a means to balance nitrogen levels. To begin using leaves as mulch, make sure to collect them from your neighbors or trash collection services.

As an organic mulch, shredded leaves are a great choice for flower beds, shrubs, trees, and containers. When adding shredded leaves to your planting beds, make sure that they don’t touch your plants. It helps to hold moisture in the soil, maintain soil temperature, limit weed seed germination, and adds valuable nutrients to the soil. It’s also great for your lawn and is easy to use!

Leaf mold is a natural product made from shredded leaves. You can either make it yourself or rent a mulching machine. Leaf mulch can be used immediately, or it can be transformed into leaf mold. Leaf mold is partially decomposed leaf mulch that retains more water and has a pleasant earthy smell. The process of making leaf mold takes longer, but the benefits are well worth it. It’s also better for the environment than most other forms of mulch.


If you have fallen leaves lying on your lawn, you can make them into top dressing by shredding them into 5mm pieces and adding them to your lawn’s soil. Leaves, when composted, contain high amounts of nitrogen and organic matter, which can help your plants grow strong and healthy. You can use them right away or store them for 6 months or more in a 4×4-foot wire cage.

The process of topdressing is less harsh on plants than repotting, and is best done in raised beds or planters with waist-high soil. Use a soft spoon or wooden ladle to gently dig up the soil. To reach the crown of the plant, gently press the topdressing material down. Topdressing is recommended at least twice per year for large tomato plants, as they need extra nutrients and water to grow.

Fall leaves can be used for a variety of purposes, from soil enrichment to protecting plants from winter fluctuations. Oak leaves, for example, take a long time to decompose because they contain high levels of lignin, which makes them rigid. However, you can use oak leaves as mulch if you’ve already shredded them. As a bonus, they won’t raise the pH of your soil, so you can use them as much as you like.

C:N ratio

Leaf mulch is one of the most important components of compost. The C:N ratio is a measure of how much carbon (C) is in the material and how much nitrogen (N). The ratio of fall leaves to grass clippings is approximately 30:1. The proportion of fall leaves to grass clippings can range anywhere from 20:1 to 30:1. While the C:N ratio is a useful guideline for deciding how to use leaf mulch in your garden, it’s not always accurate for every type of material. For example, brown grass clippings that have been left on a lawn that has not been fertilized will have a higher C:N ratio than lush green, well-manicured lawn. Similarly, fall leaves from different types of trees have a slightly different C:N ratio than grass clippings and are a better choice

The C:N ratio of fall leaves used as compost is about 30:1. While this may seem like a high number, it depends on which types of leafy greens and browns you use. For example, browns are higher in C than greens, and greens contain less nitrogen. If you want a high C:N ratio, you can combine clippings and fall leaves. The ratio is best achieved with a mixture of a high C:N content and a low C:N ratio.

Gardening – In-Ground Composting Methods


Often when people think of composting, they envision the old-fashioned, backyard-type composter in addition to the classic backyard compost bin or compost pile. However, there are methods for composting organic matter throughout the year and offer aerobic composting, which breaks down the waste from the seasons’ heat and moisture. Posthole, trench, and sheet composting options are also available for creating healthy garden soil.

Posthole Composting

Posthole composting is the way most people begin their own composting programs. The composting process starts by creating a hole in the soil, filling the hole with the organic matter to be composted, and topping the hole with a soil layer about eight inches or deeper.

Trench Composting

trench composting is a variation on postal composting in which a trench is dug, and the trench is filled with the organic matter to be composted and topping the trench with a soil layer about eight inches or deeper. This method is usually used when working with slightly larger quantities of materials to be composted, which might not be meet the volumes desired to use the sheet composting method.

Sheet Composting

Another option for creating home compost is sheet composting. Sheet composting is accomplished by placing a layer of material to be composted, such as fall leaves or straw and animal manures, on a prepared garden bed. Then these materials are cultivated into the soil and allowed to decompose naturally. Most gardeners find that fall is the best time to do this. However, if you have a fallow garden area, this approach can be applied in any season in which the ground can be worked.

Advantages Of In-Ground Composting

Earth Worms

One significant advantage to in-ground composting is that it encourages earthworms who further enrich and aerate the garden soil.

No Need For Compost Pile

In-ground composting, assuming you have enough space, can eliminate the need for a compost pile or compost bin, which depending on where you live, may make your neighbors happy.

Small area cultivation

Assuming you don’t use your whole garden patch for sheet composting, the area that you use for postal composting or trench composting will be cultivated as you dig up the area and bury your compost, thereby loosening the soil, aerating the soil, and causing less disturbance for the earthworms in the surrounding soil.

Disadvantages of in-ground composting

Need to track placement of compost

Depending upon how frequently your compost and how much compost you have to bury, you may indeed keep some track of where the more recent compost materials have been buried to keep from digging it up before the material is completely composted.

Attracting garden pests

You will need to make sure that you bury the materials deep enough to keep from attracting unwanted garden pests, which you may not want digging up your garden or hanging around your yard.

Often when people think of composting, they envision the old-fashioned, backyard-type composter in addition to the classic backyard compost bin or compost pile. However, there are methods for composting organic matter throughout the year and offer aerobic composting, which breaks down the waste from the seasons’ heat and moisture. Posthole, trench, and sheet composting options are also available for creating healthy garden soil.

Gardening – The Perfect Time And Best Methods To Fertilize


Gardening has got several benefits that make it one of the best and indeed a popular hobby. It’s not only a great stress reliever and good for your heart, but it also gives you a sense of achievement.

If you love gardening, you’d agree that one of the biggest sources of confusion relates to fertilizers.

  • What’s, is the best time to fertilize?
  • How to apply fertilizers?

Most people make a mistake in either of these aspects, only to repent later. In this article, we discuss these key facets.

What are Fertilizers and Why Do We Need Them?

Fertilizers are nothing but nutritional supplements for plants. Just like any other living being, plants also need certain nutrients to grow and survive. Generally, they obtain these from the soil; but if the soil doesn’t have an adequate quantity of these constituents, you need to substitute with the help of fertilizers.

Fertilizers can be of natural or synthetic origin and can have different percentages of chemicals; available in granular or liquid forms. The primary nutrients that constitute a fertilizer are Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K); that’s why the term NPK is a common terminology in fertilizers.

Which Fertilizers to Use?

To decide upon the type of fertilizer to use for your garden, you’ve to find out what nutrient is lacking in your soil. Which fertilizers to use can be accurately determined by observing the symptoms of deficiency in your plants. While a lack of nitrogen results in yellow leaves, phosphorus deficiency causes fewer flowers, and a shortage of potassium affects the stem strength.

Now that you know the basics of fertilizers let’s find out more about the right timing for applying and the application process of fertilizers.

The Right Time to Fertilize.

As you can now appreciate, it’s difficult to generalize the best time for fertilizer application. When best to fertilize depends on the kind of plants, levels of nutrients in the soil, and the type of fertilizers used.

Remember is that the fertilizer manufacturer knows best about the optimal application rates; therefore, you must follow the instructions given on the pack. Even if two fertilizers have a similar nutrient content, the application will depend upon their types. Fertilizer may be organic or synthetic, water-soluble liquid, granular, or time-released. More so, different plants will need varying quantities of fertilizers at different stages. Here are a few guidelines:

1.      Shrubs and Trees.

Applying fertilizer at the root level while planting shrubs and trees allows the plants to get a continuous supply of nutrition from the soil at their desired rates. Applying fertilizer at the root level while planting gives a constant and steady reserve of nutrients for the plants, from where they can draw their dose as required.

On the other hand, for trees and shrubs, you need to apply fertilizers on an annual basis. You can fix it anytime for application, but the early spring season is the best for fertilizing. Note that, if there are no signs of malnutrition shown by the plants, they may be getting their share of nutrients directly from the soil. In such cases, you need not use fertilizers.

2. Perennial Plants.

While planting new perennial plants, incorporate an all-purpose organic fertilizer at the bottom of the pit. Incorporating an all-purpose organic fertilizer will help your growing plants to get their nutrition from the soil; an all-purpose fertilizer will provide adequate amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, etc. to them.

For established perennial plants, just like shrubs and trees, applying fertilizer once every year is generally sufficient. Applying fertilizer in the early spring for perennials like rhubarb, berries, asparagus, etc. is effective.

3. Flowing Plants.

While the spring bloomers like hyacinths and tulips, generally don’t need any fertilizers, specific soils may need fertilizer application depending on deficiency symptoms. You may fertilize perennial bulbs like alliums and daffodils post-flowering.

The flowers that bloom during summer, such as lilies, dahlias, and gladiolas, need fertilization while planting. A mid-summer fertilization may be necessary for dahlias and other flowering plants that need higher quantities of nutrients.

4. Annual Plants.

Annual vegetables and flowers need more nutrition to grow; therefore, annual vegetables and will require repeated application of fertilizer. Apply an all-purpose granular fertilizer while planting such saplings; this provides them a regular supply of nutrients during growth stages. After that, use liquid fertilizer to supplement their supply every month during mid-summer; the frequency of application should be no more than twice a month.

Optimum Application.

Contrary to common belief, the growth and health of plants aren’t always directly proportional to the quantity of fertilizer used. If malnourishment is bad, an overdose of fertilizers can be equally harmful to the plants. Just like other living creatures, overfeeding plants with a particular nutrient leads to problems.

Although you need to ensure that your plants get their share of nutrition, you don’t want to provide too much. An excess amount of nitrogen reduces the production of fruits and flowers while increasing foliage. Overdose of phosphorus hinders the plants from absorbing adequate zinc and iron from the soil, thereby affecting their overall health. If there’s too much potassium, the plants won’t be able to absorb their share of calcium.

Apart from adversely affecting plant health, the excess fertilizers may also cause water pollution by percolating into the groundwater. This polluted water then feeds the waterways, which leads to damage to the entire ecosystem. It’s therefore, essential to apply fertilizer judiciously.

Best Methods to Apply Fertilizer.

Now that we know the correct timings of the application of different types of fertilizers for different varieties of plants, you’re ready for the next step. Let’s have a look at the best ways of fertilizing your plants. There are several methods of applying fertilizers to your plants; broadcasting, placement, pellet application, and drilling are some commonly utilized methods.

Discussing them all is beyond the purview of this article, and it’ll be done in subsequent articles. Two of the most favorite and effective fertilizer application methods are:-

1. Topdressing.

Topdressing is a type of broadcasting method and is frequently used for fertilizers rich in nitrogen. As the name suggests, the fertilizer is applied from the top to crops that are densely planted. This method allows the plants to easily absorb the nutrients as the fertilizer is in the top layer of soil. However, it has a few disadvantages, like promoting weed growth and underutilization of fertilizer.

2. Side-Dressing.

Side-dressing is a placement method of fertilizer application. The fertilizer is applied out placed in between the plant rows or around each plant. The following side-dressing methods can accomplish it:

Row Placement.

Nitrogenous fertilizer is placed between rows of crops such as cotton, sugarcane, maize, etc.

– Individual Placement.

 For apple, papaya, mango, and similar trees and grapes, the fertilizer is placed around the roots.

Comparison Between Top Dressing and Side Dressing.

While the topdressing method is faster and less costly than side-dressing, it needs rain to make it effective. In the absence of rains, the top-dressed fertilizer won’t be able to reach the place roots and hence gets lost or decomposed.

On the other hand, although the side-dressing method is slower and costs more, the fertilizer is less likely to be lost. It’s much easier for the plants to absorb the nutrients when fertilizer is placed near the roots.

Soil Amendments.

Soil Amendments are nothing but natural organic items that are added to the soil to amend its characteristics. Soil amendments may be necessary to improve soil fertility or other physical properties. In this section, we shall discuss soil amendments for enhancing its ability to support the growth of plants.

As already seen, fertilizers add essential nutrients to the soil; so, what’s the difference between fertilizer and a soil amendment element? Whereas the former can be natural or synthetic, the latter is always organic. Chemical agents can provide the necessary nutrients to the plants, but the amendments hi a step further as they improve the soil’s drainage and texture. The following are the two most effective and useful soil amendments:

1. Compost.

Compost is an organic matter that’s formed through the decomposition of organic waste materials such as leaves, fruit, vegetable remains, etc. This process is called composting, and it breaks down organic waste to produce this excellent element. Compost is not only a great fertilizer, a natural pesticide, but also a perfect conditioner for the soil.

An ideal compost will consist of the following three components in the right proportions:

– Greens.

Greens consist of vegetable and fruit waste as well as grass pieces. It provides nitrogen to your compost.

– Browns.

Dead branches, leaves, and twigs compose the brown portion. These add carbon to the compost.

– Water.

It not only allows perfect mixing of the browns and greens but also supports composting.

2. Alfalfa Pellets.

Normally used to feed animals, the alfalfa pellets have been found to have a high percentage (5%) of absorbable nitrogen. It also has some traces of triacontanol, which is known to be a natural growth promoter for plants. Its pelleted form makes it easy to apply. It acts as a slow-releasing fertilizer and hence provides nutrition for a long duration.


Fertilization is an important activity to get good crops and a beautiful garden. For best results, use the right type of fertilizer at the correct time and apply it in the most efficient method. You must not only observe your plants closely to understand their requirements but also read the instructions given on the fertilizer pack. In case you’ve got any further queries, we’ll be happy to answer them. Happy Gardening!

Learn the Basics of Fertilizer

Gardening – Posthole Composting


Are you an avid gardener? Are you dedicated to producing quality produce or an enviable garden? Studies have shown that not only is composting an excellent way to help the environment to reduce the carbon surplus that the earth experiences, but on a local level, it is an easy and affordable way to enrich the soil in your garden or yard. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), “food scraps and yard waste currently make up more than 28% of what we throw away.”[i] Of course, while not all of that material can be reused in a compost, imagine what a reduction in even a small percentage of that number could do for our planet and for the soil!

As interest in preserving the environment grows, more people have become interested in how they can do their part. One of the many ways is through composting, or more specifically, posthole composting, which is more than a simple solution for waste reduction.

While you may have heard of the process of collecting organic material and allowing the organic material to decompose, which is known as composting naturally, this much simpler form of recycling is less well-known. Posthole composting is the process of using common kitchen scraps to fertilize and enrich a small area of land or dirt and to encourage nature’s workers to convert organic material into usable soil. It is simple, cost-effective, and provides your garden with invaluable nutrients.

Advantages Of Posthole Composting

Although it may not be the right option for everyone, posthole composting has many amazing advantages:

Traditional composting requires the use of a compost bin or pile. When you think about composting, you may think of a yard with a large pile of leaves, a compost tumbler or bin, or even a 55-gallon barrel requiring constant turning, maintenance, and feeding. On the other hand, posthole composting can be as expansive or scaled-down as you want it to be. No bin or pile is required. All you need is a small bucket to store your organic kitchen scraps such as fruit and vegetable peels, eggshells, and even coffee grounds.

Posthole composting does not require any special containers, location, or a large amount of space. You can compost wherever you expect to plant trees, shrubs, flowers, or vegetable plants. Even raised beds are a good place for posthole composting. All you need is a shovel and your kitchen scraps.

Composting requires the right environment: right temperature, an appropriate amount of moisture, the right organic material, and aeration. This last one may be a stretch for your mind, but a compost pile needs to be regularly disturbed and turned to speed up the decomposition process. When posthole composting, no maintenance or special conditions are required.

Earthworms, although seldom thought of, play a vital role in the world’s ecosystem. Earthworms add value to the composting process and help to speed up decomposition. Earthworms are attracted to the organic material in your compost hole and will flock to the soil in your garden. As they digest the organic material, they also leave behind feces, which provides additional fertilization. They also help to aerate and turn over the soil as they travel along. By digging your posthole 8 to 12 inches deep, you are placing the organic material right in the middle of the worms’ habitat. They will love you for it, and more importantly, the soil will receive the valuable nutrients produced through the process.

Does the cost of keeping your garden beautiful and lush keep you from doing it? Store-bought fertilizers can be expensive and, in some cases, harmful to the environment. Posthole composting is not only inexpensive but more importantly, it’s FREE. In theory, you are recycling waste from things that you already purchased and consumed.

Composting is also a great way to save on the cost of trash collection and space in landfills. By recycling household waste, you are reducing the amount of trash that will now be sent off to a landfill to rot amongst the old tires, cell phones, and water bottles.

Are you concerned about global warming? As the earth’s landfills reach capacity, overflowing into streams, rivers, and the ocean, more and more methane gases are released into the air at an alarming rate. By reducing the amount of organic material from the landfill by composting, you not only reduce the amount of space required in a landfill, as mentioned earlier, but it has the added benefit of reducing the volume of gases that seep into the atmosphere. Aside from the benefits to the soil in your yard, imagine how much you can reduce your carbon footprint by following this simple process.

Let’s be honest. You are very busy, and gardening can be time-consuming in and of itself. You may not have the time to be constantly turning, maintaining, and feeding your compost pile. It takes work! The beauty of the posthole compost is that all it takes is a few scraps from the kitchen and something to dig with. Nothing fancy required and no large time commitment. Just cover up your hole with soil, and you are finished! During the spring and summer, when the ground is not frozen, the entire process should require no more than 5 minutes yet provide substantial value to your garden or yard.

Water is, of course, a critical factor in how your garden or flower beds will grow. Compost helps the soil to retain water so that it can be used when external sources of water may not be available. The organic materials absorb the water and allow the plants to draw from it in between rainfall or watering.

Another advantage to posthole composting is that because of the relatively small amount of organic materials that you are using and assuming the right conditions, and your compost should decompose in a relatively short amount of time, from several weeks to just a few months. Within no time at all, the fruit of your efforts will be enriching the soil and providing valuable nutrients to your plants.

Sometimes referred to as the Dig and Drop Method, posthole composting is very simple. As the title suggests, ‘dig’ a hole wherever you want to place your garden, plants or trees, ‘drop’ in your organic material such as potato skins and eggshells, and top it with soil!

Lastly, vital nutrients are delivered directly to the roots of your plants. What better method of fertilizing your plants than from the source, from the ground up!

Words of Caution For Posthole Composting

While there are a vast number of advantages to posthole composting, I will also caution you about several things to avoid doing in the process.

  1. Be sure to dig your hole at least 8 inches deep but no more than 18 inches to prevent animals from catching the scent of the decomposing materials and dig it up. The deeper the hole, the more likely that the nutrients will simply seep into the groundwater, not providing your plants with any of their life-giving value. The best place for your scraps is in this area between 8 and 18 inches below ground level, where it will still receive water, yet the valuable nutrients will not be in jeopardy of being washed away.
  2. It is not recommended that meat or dairy products be included in your scrap bucket to be composted as the strong scent of rotting meat will draw rodents and dogs to your compost hole. Besides the fact, the odor will be highly unpleasant to you and your neighbors!
  3. Be sure to chop up kitchen scraps into small pieces to promote the decomposition process. Onions and potatoes, in particular, tend to sprout new shoots before they begin to decompose. Even the onion skins may be a bit tough on the process, so be sure that they are wet before putting them into your posthole.

We have briefly mentioned the types of things to add to your compost hole, but let’s look at it a little “deeper.” Meat and dairy products should not be included in your compost mix nor grease and bones. Not only would animals be attracted to your yard and potentially dig up your flower beds, but these materials require a much longer time to decompose.

Compostable Items To Posthole Compost

So, what exactly should you be putting into your kitchen scraps bucket? If you are like me, you have a small bucket the size of a children’s sand toy neatly stashed in your kitchen. As you go about your daily routine, cutting, chopping, consuming, you can toss the scraps into this bucket, allowing for easy, small quantity composting. In other words, one bucket, one posthole. You should chop or break up any large pieces to ensure that they break down quickly and easily. For example, crush eggshells to speed up the process.

What do I include?

  • Vegetable and fruit skins, rind and core
  • Leafy greens
  • Coffee grounds (toss the filter in there too!)
  • Corncobs/husks
  • Old bread
  • Peanut shells
  • Tea leaves
  • Eggshells
  • Cut flowers        

You may also want to include other household waste, such as:

  • Black and White newspaper (color or glossy newspapers will not break down the same way)
  • Pet and human hair
  • Cardboard cut into small pieces (remove any shiny material or plastic/tape as this is not biodegradable)
  • Ash (wood only)

How-to Posthole Compost

Posthole composting is an amazing, environmentally friendly way of enriching your garden and yard. To supplement the organic material, you can also add small amounts of organic fertilizer, such as alfalfa pellets, to speed up the decomposition process. When filling your posthole, be sure to casually toss in the organic material rather than compact it down. Space allows it to breathe and encourages microorganisms to congregate. Before covering the kitchen scraps with the soil that you removed, consider placing the grass or weeds that you removed when digging the hole on top, upside down, adding their nutrients and organisms to the composting process.

In my list of compostables above, you will see, pet and human hair. Although this is not necessarily a “kitchen scrap,” it does provide several added benefits in your posthole compost; hair helps to deter rodents from trying to gobble up the rotting delicacies that you have buried, and it slowly releases nitrogen, which is a crucial ingredient in turning your discarded food into nutrient-rich soil.

To the seasoned home gardener, posthole composting may seem inferior to traditional composting. However, the result is the same, an organic mixture that not only enriches and fertilizes the soil but also helps to save our planet, mother Earth, for future generations. Whether you plant right away on top of the organic material or you wait until it has decomposed, the composting process will certainly enrich the quality and beauty of your garden or produce.

“Reduce, Reuse, Recycle” is the EPA’s promotion phrase to save money, energy, and natural resources. If every one of us were to attempt to follow this simple slogan, we could make a dramatic difference in the environment, the quality of our soil and those things which it produces and certainly, improve the quality of life for all of us. Composting is each person’s small contribution to reduce, reuse, and recycle.

Posthole Composting A Summary

Posthole composting is not only inexpensive and ecologically sound, posthole composting may be the perfect option for gardeners but may have limited space, time, resources, and energy! There is no right or wrong in posthole composting, but rather it is simply part of nature’s recycling program. Posthole composting’s creates homemade fertilizer, which provides your garden with the nutrients needed to thrive and grow. You are just facilitating the decomposition process. Happy composting!

Gardening – Making A Compost Bin From Wooden Pallets


Wooden pallets can be a quick, cost-effective, and easy do-it-yourself way of building a compost bin made of pallets. Also, reusing wooden pallets is an environmentally friendly way to put wooden pallets to use in and around your home.

Advantages of making a compost bin of wooden pallets

  • Wooden pallets are low cost, generally free given a little research and sweet talking. You may even have a couple laying around from your last couple of projects.
  • Wooden pallets which are in good condition, they can last for years, even without any sealer treatment.
  • A large capacity compost bin can be created in very little time, once the pallets and required supplies have been gathered.

Where to get wooden pallets?

  • If you don’t already have some wooden pallets available, local small businesses are the best place to look. Smaller companies occasionally get a few pallets and then have to figure out how to dispose of them and, therefore are often willing to let someone have the pallets if nicely asked.
  • Larger companies tend to have arrangements for the pickup of their pallets already, but there is no harm in asking.
  • Also, construction sites, usually, have a few stray pallets laying around which they generally happy to be rid of.

How to choose your Pallets?

  • Pallets should be undamaged, not overly weathered, and free of rot.
  • Pallets should be of the same length, width, and height.

What supplies will you need?

  • Four pallets will be needed for a single stand-alone compost bin. If you are going to make addition bins, which will share a wall with a previous bin, you will need three pallets for each additional compost bin. For example, two bin requires seven pallets; three compost bins requires ten pallets.
  • Enough heavy-duty zip ties or enough heavy-duty wire (e.g., baling wire) to bind the pallets. Approximately 15, 12 inches or longer heavy duty zip ties for a stand-alone compost bin and each additional compost bin.
  • A cleared, level spot for large enough compost bins and to permit access to the compost bins to check, repair, fill, turn, and empty the bins. Be sure to consider the size of any equipment you may desire to have access to your compost bins; things like a yard tractor or a wheelbarrow.
  • Fence posts to provide additional support (optional). For a stand-alone compost bin, four sturdy metal posts, at least as tall as the pallet once driven into the ground. Three more fence posts for each additional compost bin. Over the years, I have found fence posts keep the pallets straight and upright.

How to Assemble you Compost Bin

  • If using fence posts for support, place you first corner post,
  • then attach the pallet securely with sturdy wire (like bailing wire) or zip ties to the fence post.
  • Proceed to the other end of the pallet and repeat the process adding the second pallet.
  • Then repeat the process the process to attach the third pallet.
  • While you are doing this you will want to make sure that each pallet is maintaining a 90 degree angle, so, your compost be in finishes as a proper square.
  • When you mount the the fourth pallet you will want to make it more like a gate, so, you have easy access to turn your compost pile and, eventually, to empty the compost bin. So, you can either secure in a way that you can easily open it or add hinges on one end and some form of a lock on the final end.

Working with wooden posts

  • If you would prefer to make your compost bin using wooden posts you will want to plant you wooden posts and secure your pallets with either nails or screws (which I strongly recommend) rather than tying the pallets in place. Nails have a habit of working loose.
  • Otherwise the process is essentially the same.

To Make a Multi-bin system

  • You can by using either side of the compost bin, as you face the gate and add three more pallets for the new bin.
  • Don’t forget to make the last pallet a gate, just like the first compost bin, and you will want it on the same side as your existing gate.
  • You simply, repeat the process for each additional bin you wish to add starting with the side of the existing compost bins, where you which to add the new compost bin.

Your compost bin is built, what now?

  • Once constructed, line the bottom with permeable a protective barrier to prevent grass and weeds from taking over your compost bins.
  • This permeable protective barrier can be a commercial landscape cloth or couple of layers of flattened cardboard boxes or several layers of newspaper work well for this purpose.
  • And begin adding your compost materials in layers, being sure to water to each layer.
  • Be sure to mix your ingredients and turn your compost bin regularly.

Related References

Gardening – What Is Green Manuring?


Many of the benefits of green manure are beneficial for crops. Some of these include: reducing weeds, limiting pest populations, and improving soil fertility. Some types of green manures are very effective in controlling aphid populations, such as rye. Other green manures are weed suppressants, a cover crop, or a diversified portfolio. For more information on the benefits of green manures, read on.

Cover crop

Using green manure as a cover crop creates humus from nothing. Its main organic matter components are in the air, ready to be sequestered by the soil community. Mineral matter, however, is less easily replaced, and may need to be imported from off-site sources. In this article, we’ll examine these imports and discuss how to use green manure in this way. Here are some steps to follow in using green manure as a cover crop:

Green manures are mostly legumes and grasses, but there are many other types. Some people plant mustard, which is great for the soil and can help weeds. In addition to being a good cover crop, mustard is also beneficial for controlling many soil diseases. But whichever type you choose, you’ll be sure to get maximum benefit from this method. The main benefits are listed below. For more information, visit:

First, you should clear the area of all weeds and debris. Then, broadcast green manure seeds over the planting area. If you’re using larger seeds, plant them thinly in shallow drills. Then, lightly water the soil. Before raking, the green manure crops should be sown before they flower, since they tend to self-seed. It is also important to ensure that the green manure crops do not flower or set seed, as they may be weeds.

The benefits of green manure are similar to those of cover crops. It improves the structure of soil, releases nutrients, and supports beneficial soil organisms. Most home gardeners don’t have the space to devote the entire growing season to cover crops, so they usually use green manure as a cover crop in late summer or fall. Planting the green manure two weeks before the spring planting season begins. Some types of green manure require tilling into the soil before they go to seed.

Weed suppressant

If you are wondering if green manure is a weed suppressant, you’ve come to the right place. This soil amendment has proven effective in suppressing weeds. Green manure is a nitrogen-rich crop residue that is readily available for application to your lawn and garden. Green manure also acts as a natural fertilizer, increasing soil fertility and preventing weeds. However, there are a few factors to consider before applying this weed suppressant to your lawn.

Green manures can also help with crop rotation. By changing your planting date, you can carry out additional weed control operations in the future. In addition to suppressing weeds, they also increase soil fertility and structure. This means better yields and lower input costs. But how does green manure help you? It’s simple: it prevents the growth of weeds by blocking sunlight and preventing their seed banks.

In addition to being a weed suppressant, green manures also feed earthworms and other microbes in the soil. In addition to nitrogen and phosphorus, green manures also contribute trace minerals like iron, potassium, calcium, and trace minerals. Green manures are also a great way to add diversity to your rotation. Green manures are often slow-growing and will disrupt weeds by competing for moisture and nutrients.

Another benefit of green manure is its slow release of mineralized nitrogen. This nitrogen will favor the crop instead of the weeds. Thus, green manure is a weed suppressant. It also adds organic matter to the soil and contributes to the farm’s nitrogen needs. Unlike traditional fertilizers, green manure crops can even outcompete and displace weeds from their ecological niche.


There are many advantages of green manure for agriculture. Not only does it allow farmers to use fewer synthetic chemicals, but it is also very effective at reducing the population of certain pests. In addition, green manures can help improve soil structure and fertility, resulting in better yields and lower input costs. However, there are several challenges associated with the use of green manure. Listed below are some of these challenges.

Crops that grow in green manure can provide habitat for predatory insects, such as rove and ground beetles. These insects are effective at hunting down pests and caterpillars. Crops like phacelia, which have blue flowers, can also act as a home for hoverflies, which are excellent predators of aphids. In addition to the above-mentioned benefits, green manure crops can also provide nutrition for pollinators and insects. Plants such as blue lupin and yellow mustard can attract bees and butterflies.

The economic benefits of green manure production are substantial. Livestock produce milk and LWG, which are both valuable commodities in the agricultural system. The size of this benefit depends on the amount of green manure produced, the productivity of the animals, and the market value of animal products. Feeder cattle and lambs, for example, fetch prices between $2.20 and $2.55 kg-1, respectively. A recent report from the USDA found that the economic benefits of green manure are more than enough to justify the investment in such practices.

Other benefits of green manure include improved soil structure. Organic matter helps to create aggregates in the soil, which are conducive to proper water retention, aeration, and nutrient distribution. The roots of plants are a vital source of nutrients for these organisms, so their growth is enhanced. Furthermore, the nutrients they provide increase soil microorganisms, which aid in decomposition. During decomposition, the nutrients in the soil are re-incorperated into the soil.

Diversified portfolio

The benefits of a diverse portfolio of green manures can increase yields. In addition to improving soil structure and organic matter, they improve plant diversity, attracting a wider variety of fauna and beneficial insects. By increasing soil life, green manures can increase yields while reducing expenses. Seed sowing dates depend on bioregion and climate in Quebec. Listed below are the benefits of a diverse portfolio of green manures.

Investing in a diversified portfolio of green manures can give you a wider range of nutrients and root zones. It may also provide secondary benefits. For instance, a broad variety of green manures will help your soil retain more water, which is vital for plant growth. And because a diverse portfolio of green manures can benefit your soil and crops, you can be sure your crop will receive the maximum benefits.

The benefits of a diverse portfolio of green manure include a boosted yield from next crop. The process of decomposition also helps to add fiber to soil, which aids sandy or heavy clay soils in retaining moisture. And finally, green manure plants boost nitrogen levels for the next crop. The best plants for green manure include cereals and grasses, as they have massive fibrous root systems.

To maximize the benefits of a diverse portfolio of green manures, farmers can diversify their crops. By succession planting, farmers can plant green manure before or after their main crop. This strategy works well for farms that lack land or time to implement a multi-year plan. The earlier the crops are planted, the more green manure is established. Similarly, fall crops provide cover and prevent erosion, while spring crops help in the nutrient cycle.

Easy to plant

A green manure crop is a crop that returns all its resources back to the soil. Many gardeners plant recharging crops in their open spaces after harvest, giving them plenty of time to plant in the fall. Green manure crops are easy to grow and turn over quickly, making them a great choice for early spring recharging of garden space. The benefits of green manure crops include improved soil fertility, healthier plants, and reduced costs.

Once you have harvested the green manure, you will need to turn the soil over. Ideally, this should be done in the early spring, when the soil is still too cool to plant. However, if you plan to plant later in the season, you should wait until the soil dries out a bit more. Turning the soil will help speed up the process of decomposition. The green manure will provide the soil with the needed nutrients for planting. You can also turn the soil again later in the fall, when the ground is dry enough for planting. This step is vital for the survival of seeds.

To plant green manure crops, you can use a seed mix. Seed mixes are widely available online or at your local gardening store. The process is simple. You just need to prepare the soil before planting green manure crops. To do so, start by loosening the soil and removing any weeds. Then, add compost and rake the seedbed evenly. Make sure to water thoroughly after the green manure biomass has been mulched.

Secrets of Green Manure (Cover Crops)

Gardening – Coffee Grounds in the Garden


Coffee grounds are one of the kitchen wastes and businesses, which can be recycled in the garden. So then, the discussion becomes how to use the coffee grounds.  Using coffee grounds in the garden, basically, come down to composting. There are several approaches to composting, which can be applied to coffee grounds.

The Value Of Coffee Grounds As Fertilizer

  • The three principal nutrients by which the value of fertilizer is typically measured are; Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K). Measured by those nutrients, Coffee grounds do have value as a fertilizer when used as compost or applied directly as a soil

The NPK Value of Coffee Grounds

  • Nitrogen (N):28 percent
  • Phosphorus (P):06 percent
  • Potassium (K):6 percent

How Much Coffee Grounds To Use

  • When using coffee grounds as compost or when applied directly as a soil amendment, the volume of coffee grounds should be limit to more than 20 percent of the soil or mix to which it is being added. This rule applies to sheet, trench, and/or postal composting.

Coffee Grounds As Mulch

  • Coffee grounds are generally, fine ground and easily compacted so much so that they can form a barrier not allowing air and water to pass through your mulch. For this reason, coffee grounds are generally not recommended for use as mulch.

Sources of Coffee Grounds

From you Own Kitchen

  • An obvious source of coffee grounds as your own kitchen, Americans tend to drink coffee nearly every day so rather than throwing your coffee grounds in the trash toss minute compost bin and use of her garden fertilizer.

From Your Local Coffee Shop Or Restaurant

  • If you’d like to have more coffee grounds or you’re not getting enough coffee grounds for your purpose from your own kitchen, there are several local opportunities to acquire coffee grounds. In my local area, there are coffee shops like Starbucks or on the grind from which coffee grounds can be readily obtained. As a matter of fact, I’ve seen signs in the local Starbucks saying to ask the barista for coffee grounds for your garden. However, coffee shops may be an obvious choice, but there are any number of restaurants and cities and towns which can be taken advantage of with a little creative negotiation with the owner-operators.

Related References

Gardening – A Permaculture Garden Guide To Composting


One of the key skills any permaculture gardener should learn is how to create good compost. Creating a good compost is key to creating abundant, productive and sustainable permaculture gardens. If you want to be able to grow your food using permaculture principles then creating compost is one of the foundations upon which your garden will be based. This guide to composting in a permaculture garden will help you make your garden the thriving, resource-rich ecosystem that it should be.

Why Composting is Important

 Composting is an important element of gardening because it allows you to adhere to the permaculture ethic of returning the surplus to the system. It allows you to eliminate waste, and make full use of the natural resources at your disposal. It enables you to care for the soil of your growing areas, and to make them rich, fertile places to grow a range of fruit trees and other edible and useful plants. When you create and use compost in your garden, you are completing the natural cycles and creating systems that can endure and sustain for many years to come.

Composting Methods

 There are some different ways to create compost. The main methods used in a permaculture garden are:

  • Composting in Place (Sheet mulching with organic materials and allowing them to decompose on top of the soil of your growing areas.)
  • Cold Composting (Creating a heap or large bin in which compost is slowly created.)
  • Hot Composting (Creating the conditions for faster, warmer decomposition in a bin or other container.)
  • Vermiculture (Creating compost with the help of special worms.)

Creating Compost in a Permaculture Garden

 No matter which method you are using to create your compost, the principles at play remain the same. You are taking organic materials that are considered to be ‘waste’ and creating the conditions for their decomposition. Once decomposed, the compost is used to conserve or enhance the fertility of the soil.

Creating a good compost involves a basic understanding of the different sorts of material in a compost heap. The materials are grouped into two categories – carbon-rich ‘brown’ materials and nitrogen-rich ‘green’ materials. Both types are necessary to create a good-quality compost. Brown materials include cardboard, straw, twiggy material, wood chips, and bark. Green materials include green leafy matter, grass clippings, and fruit and vegetable scraps.

To get a good mix in your compost, you should add ‘brown’ and ‘green’ materials in thin layers. Adding in thin layers allows for the right conditions for aerobic decomposition and helps to ensure that your compost does not become too wet or too dry.

In addition to thinking about getting the right mix of carbon-rich and nitrogen-rich materials in your compost, creating good compost also involves thinking about getting a good balance of the main nutrients that plants need to grow: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, as well as the various micro-nutrients needed by plant life. Adding a good mix of different ingredients to your compost will help to create compost with a good nutrient balance.

Creating compost is not rocket science. Anyone can create good, crumbly compost for use in their forest gardens or polyculture vegetable beds.