If you are planning to grow your own produce, you must follow some tips in home irrigation. To have successful plants, irrigation must be applied at the correct time and place, as it must wet the entire root zone. Otherwise, you will end up with shallow roots that will display signs of nutrient deficiency. Without proper irrigation, crops will suffer from drought stress, which can delay maturity, decrease harvest, and result in cracked produce or blossom end rot.
Why Home Irrigation Practices Are Important
There are many reasons to use an irrigation system, but if you do not follow some basic best practices, you may end up draining your landscape budget and ruining the environment. There are many things to remember when setting up your irrigation system, and the most important step is to keep the water on your landscape. Sprinklers need to be set up to keep water on the landscape, and should be adjusted as plants grow or the seasons change. A poorly set sprinkler system will spray water all over the pavement, sidewalk, driveway, and street, making it unnecessary to use that water.
One of the easiest ways to ensure proper watering is to use an automatic irrigation system. These are more efficient than other methods and require little equipment. In addition to being cheaper to set up, surface irrigation is usually used on developing farms. This method saves water by distributing water from the water supply directly to the crops. Sprinklers are often set up at a distance of three feet apart and are also a good option for your lawn.
Only water when you need to
A good way to minimize home irrigation costs is to only water your plants when you need them. Many landscapes require only a few inches of water per week, while others may need more. Depending on your region, you can even adjust the watering schedule for your plants, reducing or eliminating the need for water in unseasonably hot weather. In addition, if you’d like to save water, set your irrigation system to water only during designated days.
Water During The Cool Parts Of the day
While most lawns require one to two inches of water per week, they do not necessarily need it every day. In fact, watering your lawn during the warmest parts of the day will result in water evaporating before it reaches thirsty plants. In addition, watering during the hottest parts of the day is not as effective, as hot weather dries out water fast and causes uneven distribution. Watering your lawn during the coolest parts of the day is important for minimizing water loss.
In addition to being less effective in water conservation, daytime irrigation is also detrimental for your plants’ health. This is because the greatest amount of water is lost by transpiration of plants and evaporation of soil during the warmest parts of the day. Plus, midday climatic factors (high temperatures, strong solar radiation, low humidity) can stress your plants. By timing your irrigation during the cool parts of the day, you can still achieve the same effect.
Water Only Where You Need To
If you’re concerned about water running off of your clay soil, you can reduce the amount of water you use by cycling irrigation. Known as ‘cycle and soak,’ cycling irrigation involves irrigating one zone, turning it off, and then re-irrigating the same zone the remaining 7 minutes. This will give the plants the water they need while avoiding over-watering.
Use Drip Irrigation Landscape And vegetable Plants
Drip-irrigation systems are a great way to water your plants in a sustainable manner. However, they have some drawbacks. For starters, they may be a trip hazard for children and dogs. To prevent these problems, cover your drip tubing with mulch or fasten it to the ground with wire anchor pins every two to three feet. The drip line may also need to be cut occasionally for landscape maintenance. For optimal results, use a drip irrigation system with emitters placed so that water reaches the plants’ roots. In addition, plant roots will only grow where they get the right balance of air and water in the soil.
Driplines are excellent for vegetable gardens and other areas where plants are evenly spaced. They can be installed in rows and encircle large plants. For optimal flexibility, choose a 1/4-inch drip line. The dripline should be cleaned about once a month, or more often if your well water contains sediment. Check it regularly for clogging. If you don’t have a water-meter, you can use a soaker hose instead.
Observe and Maintain Your Irrigation Equipment
Observe and maintain your irrigation equipment to avoid unexpected breakdowns and costly repairs. Before servicing your equipment, read the owner’s manual and pay attention to safety features. Always lock the master control and disconnect electricity before working around the irrigation system. When working with irrigation equipment, avoid the proximity of power lines, buildings, and poles. Also, be sure to keep service equipment out of the irrigation system. In case of an emergency, call for professional help immediately.
Keeping your irrigation system working properly is crucial if you want it to last for years to come. Proper maintenance will allow you to fix damaged parts and tweak sprinkler heads to achieve the best watering results. Observing and maintaining your irrigation equipment on a regular basis will also save you a considerable amount of money over the years. Taking care of your landscape with an irrigation system is one of the best ways to protect it and make it look great.
Use Irrigation Timers
You can use irrigation timing devices to set a program for your home’s watering. Most units store settings in “Programs”, such as “A” for specific days of the week, and “B” for specific days of the week. The program will be completed when all the zones are watered. The dial on your irrigation controller will display the current time and day, as well as the day and time each valve will run.
Generally, an irrigation timer has up to four programs, labeled Program A, “Program B,” and “Program C.” Some have only one program, while others have two or more. Each program is a set of instructions for each station. For example, Program A specifies when and how much to water shrubs and trees, while Program B specifies when to water the lawn. Most controllers have a back-up battery for emergency power outages.
If your controller displays the correct time and day, it is working properly. If it does not, you should check the programming and delete any unwanted start times. If your irrigation controller displays the same start time twice, there is likely a problem with the valve itself. If it isn’t, you can simply unplug it from the wall outlet. If irrigation still continues despite the controller, it probably isn’t the valve itself.