Common Garlic (Allium sativum)

Gardening – 'Common' Garlic (Allium sativum)

The History of garlic goes back five thousand years, when it was grown by people in the Middle East and Europe. In these ancient times, the different varieties were not labeled by their names; they were simply known by their common name. Only in the last hundred years have we started to identify the varieties by their characteristics, including their smell and taste. In this article, we will learn about the history of garlic and how it has changed over time.

The earliest evidence suggests that garlic was traded from central Asia to Mesopotamia during the 4th millennium BC. Early remains of garlic were found in the Cave of the Treasure in Israel, dating back to the Middle Chalcolithic period. Egypt’s pharaoh Cheops is believed to have been the first to consume garlic. The use of the herb has since been widespread in the Mediterranean world, and its flavor has become a staple of many cuisines.

Ancient Greeks and Romans cultivated garlic and used it for its medicinal benefits. The Greeks used it as a food for pulmonary problems and abdominal growths, and it soon spread throughout the Western Hemisphere. During the 6th century BCE, it was introduced to the Americas. Later, the garlic grew rapidly in California, and today it is one of the most popular vegetables in the world. There are several varieties of garlic. Some are softneck or silverskin, and some are very large, with up to 20 cloves.

The History Of Common Garlic starts in south-central Asia, where it was domesticated by early Neolithic people. The plant subsequently spread across northern Africa, southern Uzbekistan, and eastern Europe. It was soon discovered that garlic was a powerful medicine for plague and smallpox, and was widely used as a cure for dysentery during the World Wars. In 2010, the total amount of garlic produced worldwide was 17 million tons, with China leading the way.

The history of garlic has an interesting history. The roots of garlic, which was originally called garleac, developed in ancient India. It was initially cultivated and domesticated by ancient Indians, who believed that it had medicinal properties, including aphrodisiacs. Around 3000 BCE, trading parties from India reached the Middle East and began spreading the herb. During this time, the Persians and the Assyrian empires began to use garlic for food and medicine.

The history of garlic goes back further. The plant is the oldest known horticultural crop. It has been cultivated for over four thousand years and is the most popular food ingredient in the world. Its origins are from the Anglo-Saxon garleac, which means “garlic”. It is mentioned in ancient Egyptian, Chinese, and Greek writings, and has been used in cooking for a long time.

The history of garlic begins with its cultivation in central Asia. It spread around the world more than 5000 years ago. The Egyptians revered garlic and used it to feed the workers who built the Gread Pyramid in Giza. The roots of garlic are still important in many recipes, but the plant’s history goes back even further. This versatile herb has been used in different ways for over five thousand years. Its popularity has spread to over 150 countries.

Before it became an everyday food, it was a wild plant in Asia. It was domesticated by the ancient Indians and introduced to the Babylonian and Assyrian empires around 3000 BC. During the Middle Ages, the garlic spread throughout the Middle East, and is still used today in many parts of the world. A history of garlic has a long and interesting history. It was cultivated by nomads for centuries and was a staple food for many centuries.

The history of garlic can be complex. The origin of common garlic can be traced back to ancient times in Asia. The ancestors of modern garlic are believed to have brought the plant to the Middle East, where it was domesticated by the ancient Indians. A cultivated variety of the plant was introduced to the Babylonian and Assyrian empires, and was widely distributed throughout the Middle East. The spread of garlic from India to neighboring countries was rapid.


  • Perennial


  • Southern Europe.


  • Common garlic is cultivated for its bulbs, or cloves, which possess more of the flavor of the onion than any other alliaceous plant. These are sometimes employed in soups, stews, and other dishes; and, in some parts of Europe, are eaten in a raw state with bread.  Garlic’s strong flavor, and the offensive odor it communicates to the breath, causing it to be sparingly used in our cookery.
  • Garlic can be planted as a border or inter-planted.   The flowers will attract bees of many varieties to your garden to help with pollination.


  • Bees


  • Garlic thrives best in a light, well-enriched soil and is helped by lite side dressing throughout the growing season.    Keeping the ground free from weeds and regularly watered.

When to Plant

  • Common garlic is commonly planted in the fall; especially, in southern climates.  However, it may be planted in the spring as soon as the ground can be worked.
  • Plant an inch deep, in rows or on ridges, fourteen inches apart, and five or six inches apart in the rows.
  • I do, periodically, plant in small clusters of three to five in the corners of my raised beds or in areas where I expect my vines to cover serving as a pollinator attractor.


  • Not recommended for inter-planting or companion planting with beans if any kind.


When the leaves turn yellow, the plants may be taken up and sun-dried.  After having been dried in the sun, they should be tied up in bunches by the stalks, and suspended in a dry, airy room, for use.


The easiest way to store common garlic at home is in mesh bags or loosely woven baskets. Garlic with flexible tops can be made into pretty braids to hang; see our online slideshow for an easy how-to. Common garlic keeps longest when stored at 60 to 65 degrees and in moderate humidity.

How to Grow Garlic: History of Garlic and How to Plant and Harvest Garlic
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